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Hepatitis E is a rare human disease in developed countries. It is caused by hepatitis E virus (HEV), which is probably transmitted zoonotically to humans from domestic pigs and wild boars. Multiple reports on the detection of HEV-specific antibodies in rats have suggested the presence of an HEV-related agent; however, infectious virus or a viral genome has(More)
During a small-scale surveillance project to identify possible routes of entry for invasive mosquitoes into Germany, 14 adult Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse) were discovered between July and October 2012. They were trapped at three different service stations in Bavaria and Baden-Wuerttemberg located along two motorways that connect Germany with(More)
Zoonotic hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in industrialised countries is thought to be caused by transmission from wild boar, domestic pig and deer as reservoir hosts. The detection of HEV-specific antibodies in rats and other rodents has suggested that these animals may represent an additional source for HEV transmission to human. Recently, a novel HEV(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the possible influence of exposure to toluene on human fertility. METHODS In a cross sectional study, a sample of 150 male and 90 female printing industry workers were interviewed retrospectively on reproductive experience with a modified version of the European study of infertility and subfecundity questionnaire. Exposure categories(More)
In recent years, bovine Onchocerca species have been used as models for human onchocerciasis in drug screens. They have been suggested for immunology studies and evaluation of vaccine candidates. Therefore, mast cells and their association with other inflammatory cells were studied in five onchocercal species of cattle and deer using immunohistology. Intact(More)
Adult filariae of two intranodularOnchocerca species of red deer (Cervus elaphus) were examined at the ultrastructural level. In all, 90 nodules ofO. flexuosa and 20 nodules ofO. jakutensis were studied by histology,O. jakutensis caused cystic and pus-filled nodules in which the female and male worms were motile. Female worms possessed a thick cuticle and a(More)
Ivermectin is a potent microfilaricide that also blocks microfilarial release while albendazole is toxic to all intrauterine stages. We investigated whether their combination would permanently sterilize the adult worms. In the first open phase, all 69 patients received 150 micrograms/kg of ivermectin. In the second double-blind phase one week later, 35(More)
BACKGROUND Genetically based resistance to anticoagulants has led to increasing difficulties in the control of rodents over recent decades. The possible impact of rodenticide-resistant rats on the infection risk of humans and livestock by zoonotic pathogens is generally unknown. Hence, in a monitoring programme in the German federal states of Lower Saxony(More)
To assess whether breastfeeding protects against acute gastroenteritis (AGE) due to rotavirus (RV) infection compared to RV-negative AGE (RV-) in children age 0-12 months. Data from a community-based study of children with AGE from 30 pediatric practices in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria were evaluated. A case-control design was conducted with(More)