Anita Nishiyama

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Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) are produced by fermentation of water-soluble fiber by anaerobic bacteria in the large bowel. Fiber-rich diets decrease the risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and butyrate enemas are effective as a therapy in some patients. Crohn's disease, one form of IBD, appears to involve an exagerated T helper-1 (Th1)(More)
To determine the effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in phosphatidylcholine (PC) on macrophage activity, peritoneal lavage cells were cultured in the presence of phosphatidylcholine rich in saturated or unsaturated fatty acids (sat PC and unsat PC, respectively), both used at concentrations of 32 and 64 microM. The treatment of peritoneal(More)
The prevalence of asthma has risen over the last few decades, and some studies correlate this with the greater consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Dietary PUFAs are known to increase the susceptibility of biological structures to lipid peroxidation, a process by which platelet-activating factor (PAF)-like lipids can be generated. These(More)
The comparative effects of fish oil given by gavage and fish oil enriched diet on metabolism and function of lymphocytes and macrophages were investigated. For this purpose, the following parameters were examined: 1) phagocytosis capacity, production of superoxide (O2*-) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by macrophages, 2) lymphocytes proliferation capacity, 3)(More)
Weanling female Wistar rats were supplemented with fish oil (1 g/kg body weight) for one generation. The male offspring received the same supplementation until to adult age. Rats supplemented with coconut fat were used as reference. Some rats were inoculated subcutaneously with a suspension (2 x 10(7) cells/mL) of Walker 256 tumor. At day 3, when the tumor(More)
The proliferation of concanavalin A (Con A)-stimulated rat lymphocytes was markedly inhibited by phosphatidylcholine containing arachidonic and stearic acids (PC(A-S)), but not by phosphatidylcholine containing oleic and stearic acids or phosphatidylinositol containing arachidonic and stearic acids. The concentration of PC(A-S) which inhibited Con(More)
Dietary soy lecithin supplementation decreases hyperlipidemia and influences lipid metabolism. Although this product is used by diabetic patients, there are no data about the effect of soy lecithin supplementation on the immune system. The addition of phosphatidylcholine, the main component of lecithin, to a culture of lymphocytes has been reported to alter(More)
The severity of gingivitis in relation to abnormal macrophage chemotaxis and superoxide (O2-) production was investigated in rats with naturally occurring gingivitis (plaque-susceptible rats). Macrophage chemotaxis was measured by the membrane filter method; zymosan-activated serum was used as a chemo-attractant. O2- production was measured by the reduction(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory airway disease (IAD) is prevalent in young racehorses during training, being the 2nd most commonly diagnosed ailment interrupting training of 2-year-old Thoroughbred racehorses. HYPOTHESIS That stabling and exercise cause oxidative stress, release of platelet-activating factor (PAF) and inflammation in airways of Thoroughbred(More)
Phagocytosis exerted by alveolar macrophages and neutrophils is crucial in the clearance of exogenous particles deposited in the airways. Therefore, substances that activate these phagocytes in the airways can exert important effects on the particle clearance rate. PAF, particularly, was proved to be a potent activator of several immune cells and was shown(More)