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Glucocorticoids (GCs) are widely used in the treatment of allergic skin conditions despite having numerous side effects. Here we use Cre/loxP-engineered tissue- and cell-specific and function-selective GC receptor (GR) mutant mice to identify responsive cell types and molecular mechanisms underlying the antiinflammatory activity of GCs in contact(More)
We describe a proteomic approach for identifying bacterial surface-exposed proteins quickly and reliably for their use as vaccine candidates. Whole cells are treated with proteases to selectively digest protruding proteins that are subsequently identified by mass spectrometry analysis of the released peptides. When applied to the sequenced M1_SF370 group A(More)
Sepsis is controlled by endogenous glucocorticoids (GCs). Previous studies provided evidence that crosstalk of the monomeric GC receptor (GR) with proinflammatory transcription factors is the crucial mechanism underlying the suppressive GC effect. Here we demonstrate that mice with a dimerization-deficient GR (GR(dim)) are highly susceptible to sepsis in 2(More)
Using electron diffraction on freestanding single-walled carbon nanotubes, we have determined the structural indices (n,m) of tubes in the diameter range from 1.4 to 3 nm. On the same freestanding tubes, we have recorded Raman spectra of the tangential modes and the radial breathing mode. For the smaller diameters (1.4-1.7 nm), these measurements confirm(More)
In the world's fastest-growing Internet market, Chinese Communist authorities are trying hard to regulate online speech. " Mao Zedong said that to have power you need two things: the gun and the pen … The Communist Party has the gun, but the Internet is now the pen. If they lose control of it, something will happen to challenge their authority. " – Guo(More)
A 23 factorial arrangement of treatments was utilized to determine the effect of breed, creep feeding and monensin on subsequent reproductive performance and lactation of 32 primiparous heifers. One-half of each breed (Angus and Hereford) group had access to creep feed (2.67 Mcal metabolizable energy/kg) while nursing their dams. Approximately 40 d before(More)
The Research Department is the research and legal services office of the Minnesota House of Representatives. It is a nonpartisan office serving the entire membership of the House and its committees. The department conducts legal and policy research, collects and publishes information for use by House members, and assists members and committees in(More)