Anita Nesland

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Four patients with familial hypophosphataemic rickets developed significant hypercalcaemia which persisted after discontinuation of vitamin D therapy. They had increased PTH levels and were operated for hyperparathyroidism at the ages of 18, 20, 24 and 45 years, respectively. Three of the patients had previously received phosphate treatment and one patient(More)
A specified endoscopic picture, consisting of standing prepyloric mucosal folds, injection, and erosions, is denoted erosive prepyloric changes (EPC) and is divided into three grades. In a prospective study in 1001 patients referred for routine upper endoscopy, active EPC (grades 2 and 3) was found in 25.8%, rising to 32.2% in dyspeptic patients with(More)
A follow-up study of erosive prepyloric changes (EPC) was undertaken in 60 patients who originally presented with non-ulcer dyspepsia and EPC grade 2 or 3. After 45 (range, 24-60) months EPC grade 2 or 3 was still present in 80% of the patients, and 82% had unchanged dyspeptic symptoms. Most of the patients (77%) experienced a 'stressful' life situation.(More)
In the search for pathogenetic mechanisms behind EPC, intragastric bile acids were measured in 60 patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) and grade 2 or 3 erosive prepyloric changes (EPC) and in 20 control subjects. Intragastric bile acid concentrations tended to be higher in the control subjects than in the EPC patients, but the difference did not reach(More)
Patients with functional dyspepsia have discomfort centred in the upper abdomen in the absence of oesophagitis, ulcer, cancer or other pathology which could have explained the dyspepsia. It is generally accepted that neither endoscopy, nor other imaging modalities give any positive findings supporting the diagnosis. However, recent investigations have shown(More)
To study the relationship between stress and the endoscopic diagnosis of erosive prepyloric changes (EPC), upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed twice in 19 cadets from the Military Academy, once in a 'non-stressed' situation and once after exposure to a standardized stress model. Five biopsy specimens per examination were obtained from the(More)
To study the histology of erosive prepyloric changes (EPC), 5 bioptic specimens per examination were obtained from the prepyloric mucosa during 161 upper endoscopies in persons with and without EPC. The macroscopic erosions of EPC grade 3 were histologically verified in 88% of the cases. Histologically diagnosed erosions were always accompanied by an(More)
A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed, using 400-mg cimetidine tablets or placebo twice daily for 4 weeks in 100 patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) and erosive prepyloric changes (EPC) grade 2 or 3. Symptomatic assessment was made weekly and endoscopic assessment on completion of the treatment period. Symptomatically, a significant(More)