Anita Naukkarinen

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Mast cells have traditionally been considered as effector cells in allergy but during the last decade it has been realized that mast cells are essentially involved in the mechanisms of innate and acquired immunity. Upon activation by anaphylactic, piecemeal degranulation or degranulation-independent mechanisms mast cells can secrete rapidly or slowly a(More)
Mast cells are involved in many disorders where the triggering mechanism that leads to degranulation and/or cytokine secretion has not been defined. Several chronic inflammatory diseases are associated with increased mast cell numbers and upregulation of the TNF receptor family member CD30, but the role of elevated CD30 expression is poorly understood. Here(More)
The association between mast cells and sensory nerves and the distribution of the neuropeptides substance P (SP), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) were studied immunohistochemically in lesional and nonlesional skin of 26 atopic dermatitis (AD) and 23 nonatopic nummular eczema (NE) patients. Mast cell-nerve(More)
The number and distribution of mast cells in nonlesional and lesional skin samples from 13 psoriatic patients were analyzed enzyme- and immunohistochemically. Mast cell tryptase was stained with the sensitive substrate Z-Gly-Pro-Arg-4-methoxy-2-naphthylamide, and chymase with Suc-Val-Pro-Phe-MNA and monoclonal B7 anti-chymase antibody. In addition,(More)
The regional pattern of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) incidence among children in Finland was analysed applying several methods attempting to describe the geographical variation in occurrence of IDDM. From 1987 to 1991 the number of newly diagnosed cases aged 14 years or less at diagnosis was 1728. The incidence, the incidence rate ratio and(More)
According to reports in the literature, the incidence of occult acoustic neuroma is about 1%. This figure is relatively high compared with clinically encountered neuromas. Our material consisted of 298 temporal bones from 168 cases (129 paired specimens). No occult neuromas were discovered in our material. On the basis of earlier studies, we expected to(More)
Koebner response was studied in 35 psoriatic patients. Two punch biopsies per patient were taken from non-lesional psoriatic skin before, and 6 h, 2 days, 7 days, 14 days and 21 days after, tape stripping. Alterations in the numbers of CD1+ Langerhans cells, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and CD11c+ macrophages were mapped morphometrically. Results were compared(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and activator protein 2 (AP-2), as well as the prognostic significance of HER2 in breast cancer. HER2 and AP-2 expressions were immunohistochemically (IHC) analysed in a large prospective, consecutive series of 425 breast cancer(More)
Mast cells are powerful inflammatory cells which are in close functional and anatomical association with sensory nerves in the skin. During psychological stress the neuroendocrine system and peripheral sensory nerves are activated leading to release of mediators, such as neuropeptides, neurotrophins, corticotropin-releasing hormone and(More)
Association of stress with psoriatic skin symptoms was studied in 13 patients with psoriasis by dividing the patients into low- and high-stress groups based on their clinical examination and answers to three questionnaires (General Health Questionnaire, a somatization scale, and a life change questionnaire). This study focused on skin mast cells and sensory(More)