Anita Matthias

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We have examined the metabolic role of hormone-binding nuclear thyroid hormone receptors (TRs). Mice devoid of all hormone-binding TRs [TR alpha 1(-/-)beta(-/-) (TR-ablated mice)] had slightly decreased body temperature and much decreased basal metabolic rate, were still able to markedly increase metabolic rate in the cold, but were cold intolerant due to(More)
BACKGROUND Echinacea is composed of three major groups of compounds that are thought to be responsible for stimulation of the immune system--the caffeic acid conjugates, alkylamides and polysaccharides. This study has focussed on the former two classes, as these are the constituents found in ethanolic liquid extracts. OBJECTIVE To investigate the(More)
Cultured rat microglia produced extracellular superoxide at a rate of 814 +/- 52 pmol/min/million cells when stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) as measured by extracellular cytochrome c reduction. This superoxide production resulted in a rapid rate of superoxide dismutase-sensitive nitric oxide (NO) breakdown (155 +/- 30 pmol of(More)
Echinacea is a widely used herbal remedy for the treatment of colds and other infections. However, almost nothing is known about the disposition and pharmacokinetics of any of its components, particularly the alkamides and caffeic acid conjugates which are thought to be the active phytochemicals. In this investigation, we have examined serial plasma samples(More)
Echinacea preparations are widely used herbal remedies for the prevention and treatment of colds. In this study we have investigated the metabolism by human liver microsomes of the alkylamide components from an Echinacea preparation as well as that of pure synthetic alkylamides. No significant degradation of alkylamides was evident in cytosolic fractions.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The n-hexane extracts of the roots of three medicinally used Echinacea species exhibited cytotoxic activity on human cancer cell lines, with Echinacea pallida found to be the most cytotoxic. Acetylenes are present in E. pallida lipophilic extracts but essentially absent in extracts from the other two species. In the present study, the(More)
The herbal medicine, Echinacea, is used for treatment and prevention of upper respiratory tract infections. Among the phytochemicals found in Echinacea, the bioavailable alkylamides are thought to be the compounds responsible for its effects on the human immune system. Cytochrome P450 enzymes (P450s) appear to be the principal system responsible for the(More)
AIMS This study investigated the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions of echinacea and policosanol with warfarin in healthy subjects. METHODS This was an open-label, randomized, three-treatment, cross-over, clinical trial in healthy male subjects (n= 12) of known CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genotype who received a single oral dose of warfarin alone or(More)
The relative oral bioavailability of alkylamides from two different Echinacea dosage forms (liquid and tablet) were compared in a small two-way crossover study in humans (n=3). The liquid preparation investigated contained a mixture of Echinacea purpurea root (300 mg/ml) and Echinacea angustifolia root (200 mg/ml) extracted in 60% ethanol. The tablet(More)
Echinacea preparations are used for the treatment and prevention of upper respiratory tract infections. The phytochemicals believed responsible for the immunomodulatory properties are the alkylamides found in ethanolic extracts, with one of the most abundant being the N-isobutyldodeca-2E,4E,8Z,10Z-tetraenamide (1). In this study, we evaluated the human(More)