Anita M Loughlin

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OBJECTIVE The Antiretroviral Treatment Access Study (ARTAS) assessed a case management intervention to improve linkage to care for persons recently receiving an HIV diagnosis. METHODS Participants were recently diagnosed HIV-infected persons in Atlanta, Baltimore, Los Angeles and Miami. They were randomized to either standard of care (SOC) passive(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of latent infection is needed to protect HIV-infected individuals against tuberculosis. A previous report addressed short-term efficacy of three regimens in HIV-infected adults. We now report on long-term efficacy of the study regimens. METHODS Three daily self-administered regimens were compared in a randomized placebo-controlled(More)
Massachusetts provides diphtheria-tetanus toxoid-pertussis (DTP) vaccine, and since 1980 has monitored pertussis with a statewide diagnostic service. The incidence of bacteriologically confirmed pertussis was 104.5 per 100,000 person-years in 1-month-old infants and declined progressively thereafter. Infants < 6 months old experienced disproportionate(More)
BACKGROUND Seven valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was licensed and introduced in 2000 for universal administration of children younger than 2 years of age and for selective immunization of children 2-5 years of age. SPECIFIC AIMS To identify changes in colonization and antimicrobial susceptibility among Streptococcus pneumoniae organisms after(More)
Rapid determination of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) status is desirable when it is necessary to use a drug contraindicated in G6PD-deficient persons, such as use of primaquine for malaria prevention or treatment. The purpose of this study was to compare a new, rapid, qualitative enzyme chromatographic test for deficiency of G6PD to a standard(More)
Adjunctive immunotherapy with heat-killed Mycobacterium vaccae was studied in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of 120 non-human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis. Patients were randomized to a single dose of M. vaccae or placebo 1 week after beginning chemotherapy and were followed up for 1 year. M.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counseling, testing, and referral (CTR) are provided in a wide variety of settings. GOAL To compare, by test setting, the perceptions of the testing experience among HIV-positive persons who were not receiving medical care. DESIGN A baseline questionnaire was administered at enrollment into(More)
UNLABELLED Adverse events following immunization (AEFI) reported to the national Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) represent true causally related events, as well as events that are temporally, but not necessarily causally related to vaccine. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine if the causal relationships between the vaccine and the AEFI(More)
Questionnaire data were obtained from 137 spina bifida adults aged 18-25 years and additional more sensitive information was obtained by interviewing 35 of them. Although 52% had attended college, many found the courses of little relevance to finding employment. 45% had been employed at some time, but only 23% were presently employed. Employability was(More)
Coincident with the licensure of Haemophilus influenzae b conjugate vaccines from 1987 to 1990, the incidence of meningitis and other invasive infections caused by H influenzae type b declined in Massachusetts children by 87% and 91%, respectively. By 1991, Neisseria meningitidis had replaced H influenzae b as the leading cause of bacterial meningitis,(More)