Anita M. Leporati

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We evaluated three commercial trivalent inactivated vaccines (TIVs) from the 2007-2008 season in terms of their ability to elicit in vitro T cell responses. T cell-mediated immunity may offer a more cross-reactive vaccine approach for the prevention of pandemic or epidemic influenza. Human cytotoxic T cell lines demonstrated differences in matrix protein 1(More)
The epitopes recognized by six CD4+ CD8- cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones established from a dengue-3 virus-immune donor were defined. (i) Three CTL clones, JK10, JK34 and JK39, were cross-reactive for dengue virus types 1-4. (ii) One clone, JK28, was cross-reactive for dengue virus types 1-4 and West Nile virus. (iii) Two clones, JK26 and JK49, were(More)
Immunization with vaccinia virus (VACV) resulted in long-lasting protection against smallpox and successful global eradication of the disease. VACV elicits strong cellular and humoral immune responses. Although neutralizing antibody is essential for protection, cellular immunity seems to be more important for recovery from infection in humans. We analyzed(More)
Puumala (PUU) virus causes a form of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), called nephropathia epidemica (NE), in Europe. HFRS is characterized by an increased capillary permeability, which we hypothesize is caused by hyperactivation of the host immune system, especially cellular immune responses. To identify cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) specific(More)
Among 17 HLA-A2-positive healthy adults, CD8+ T-cell responses against an HLA-A2-restricted matrix protein 1 (M1) epitope increased after immunization with trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) in two individuals. The presence of M1 in TIV was confirmed by Western blotting. T-cell cytotoxicity assays showed that TIV is processed and the epitope is(More)
Immunization with vaccinia virus results in long-lasting protection against smallpox and is an approach that has been successfully used to eliminate natural smallpox infections worldwide. Today, vaccinia virus is very important not only as a vaccine virus to protect human against smallpox, but also as an expression vector for immunization against other(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) has antiviral activity against poxviruses as well as many other viruses, bacteria and a parasite, Toxoplasma gondii. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) has been shown to mediate the antiviral activity of IFN-gamma in both in vivo and in vitro experiments. In macrophages, inhibition of replication of poxviruses by IFN-gamma(More)
It is generally accepted that virus-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) recognize nine-amino acid peptides in conjunction with HLA class I molecules. We recently reported that dengue virus-specific CD8+ CTLs of two different serotype specificities, which were established by stimulation with dengue virus, recognize a single nine-amino acid peptide(More)
T lymphocyte activation during dengue is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). We examined the T cell receptor Vbeta gene usage by a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay during infection and after recovery in 13 children with DHF and 13 children with dengue fever (DF). There was no deletion of specific(More)
In order to better understand human T-cell responses to dengue viruses (DV), we analyzed T-cell receptor (TCR) V beta gene usage in DV-specific T lymphocytes. Peripheral blood T lymphocytes from a DV type 4 immune donor were stimulated in vitro with DV type 4 antigen, and TCR usage was examined by reverse transcriptase PCR. TCR V beta 17 was preferentially(More)