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The EF-hand motif is the most common calcium-binding motif found in proteins. Several high-resolution structures containing different metal ions bound to EF-hand sites have given new insight into the modulation of their binding affinities. Recently determined structures of members of several newly identified protein families that contain the EF-hand motif(More)
The aggregation and membrane fusion properties of annexin II are modulated by the association with a regulatory light chain called p11.p11 is a member of the S100 EF-hand protein family, which is unique in having lost its calcium-binding properties. We report the first structure of a complex between p11 and its cognate peptide, the N-terminus of annexin II,(More)
Pregnancy-associated malaria (PAM) is a serious consequence of sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum-parasitized erythrocytes (PE) in the placenta through adhesion to chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) present on placental proteoglycans. Recent work implicates var2CSA, a member of the PfEMP1 family, as the mediator of placental sequestration and as a key target(More)
Crystallographic studies have shown that the binding of calcium to domain III of annexin V is accompanied by a large conformational change involving surface exposure of Trp187. Here we examine this conformational transition using computer simulation. It is found that the burial of Trp187 is accompanied by a large increase in conformational strain,(More)
The ABO blood group influences susceptibility to severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Recent evidence indicates that the protective effect of group O operates by virtue of reduced rosetting of infected red blood cells (iRBCs) with uninfected RBCs. Rosetting is mediated by a subgroup of PfEMP1 adhesins, with RBC binding being assigned to the N-terminal(More)
BACKGROUND S100C (S100A11) is a member of the S100 calcium-binding protein family, the function of which is not yet entirely clear, but may include cytoskeleton assembly and dynamics. S100 proteins consist of two EF-hand calcium-binding motifs, connected by a flexible loop. Like several other members of the family, S100C forms a homodimer. A number of S100(More)
Annexins constitute a family of phospholipid- and Ca(2+)-binding proteins involved in a variety of membrane-related processes. The property of several annexins, including annexin A5, to self-organize at the surface of lipid membranes into 2D ordered arrays has been proposed to be functionally relevant in cellular contexts. To further address this question,(More)
Annexin V was crystallized in the presence of a high concentration of calcium and the structure refined at 1.9 A resolution. The crystals are triclinic (P1) with three molecules per asymmetric unit and pseudo-R3 symmetry, reflecting a tendency of annexin to form trimers. The overall structure of the protein is similar to that seen in other crystal forms.(More)
Several annexins have been shown to bind proteins that belong to the S100 calcium-binding protein family. The two best-characterized complexes are annexin II with p11 and annexin I with S100C, the former of which has been implicated in membrane fusion processes. We have solved the crystal structures of the complexes of p11 with annexin II N-terminus and of(More)
The lethal disease anthrax is propagated by spores of Bacillus anthracis, which can penetrate into the mammalian host by inhalation, causing a rapid progression of the disease and a mostly fatal outcome. We have solved the three-dimensional structure of the major surface protein BclA on B. anthracis spores. Surprisingly, the structure resembles C1q, the(More)