Anita Lewit-Bentley

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The aggregation and membrane fusion properties of annexin II are modulated by the association with a regulatory light chain called p11.p11 is a member of the S100 EF-hand protein family, which is unique in having lost its calcium-binding properties. We report the first structure of a complex between p11 and its cognate peptide, the N-terminus of annexin II,(More)
The EF-hand motif is the most common calcium-binding motif found in proteins. Several high-resolution structures containing different metal ions bound to EF-hand sites have given new insight into the modulation of their binding affinities. Recently determined structures of members of several newly identified protein families that contain the EF-hand motif(More)
The ABO blood group influences susceptibility to severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Recent evidence indicates that the protective effect of group O operates by virtue of reduced rosetting of infected red blood cells (iRBCs) with uninfected RBCs. Rosetting is mediated by a subgroup of PfEMP1 adhesins, with RBC binding being assigned to the N-terminal(More)
Several annexins have been shown to bind proteins that belong to the S100 calcium-binding protein family. The two best-characterized complexes are annexin II with p11 and annexin I with S100C, the former of which has been implicated in membrane fusion processes. We have solved the crystal structures of the complexes of p11 with annexin II N-terminus and of(More)
Pregnancy-associated malaria (PAM) is a serious consequence of sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum-parasitized erythrocytes (PE) in the placenta through adhesion to chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) present on placental proteoglycans. Recent work implicates var2CSA, a member of the PfEMP1 family, as the mediator of placental sequestration and as a key target(More)
BACKGROUND S100C (S100A11) is a member of the S100 calcium-binding protein family, the function of which is not yet entirely clear, but may include cytoskeleton assembly and dynamics. S100 proteins consist of two EF-hand calcium-binding motifs, connected by a flexible loop. Like several other members of the family, S100C forms a homodimer. A number of S100(More)
The structure of recombinant human annexin III was solved to 1.8 A resolution. Though homologous to annexin I and V, the annexin III structure shows significant differences. The tryptophan in the calcium loop of the third domain is exposed to the solvent, as in the structure of annexin V crystallized in high calcium concentrations, although the annexin III(More)
The lethal disease anthrax is propagated by spores of Bacillus anthracis, which can penetrate into the mammalian host by inhalation, causing a rapid progression of the disease and a mostly fatal outcome. We have solved the three-dimensional structure of the major surface protein BclA on B. anthracis spores. Surprisingly, the structure resembles C1q, the(More)
We have determined the crystal structure of YodA, an Escherichia coli protein of unknown function. YodA had been identified under conditions of cadmium stress, and we confirm that it binds metals such as cadmium and zinc. We have also found nickel bound in one of the crystal forms. YodA is composed of two domains: a main lipocalin/calycin-like domain and a(More)
The clonally variant Plasmodium falciparum PfEMP1 adhesin is a virulence factor and a prime target of humoral immunity. It is encoded by a repertoire of functionally differentiated var genes, which display architectural diversity and allelic polymorphism. Their serological relationship is key to understanding the evolutionary constraints on this gene family(More)