Anita Israel

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Rat brain and pituitary angiotensin II (AII) binding sites were quantitated by incubation of tissue sections with 125I-[Sar1] AII, Ultrofilm radioautography, computerized densitometry, and comparison with 125I-standards at appropriate film exposure times. The highest number of AII binding sites was found in anterior pituitary and the circumventricular(More)
Sphingolipids comprise a very important class of second messengers involved in cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis, among other different functions. Recently, these lipids have been implicated in calcium mobilization in different cell lines, including Jurkat T-lymphocytes. However, the effect of each particular sphingolipid appears to be cell-line(More)
The effect of ceramide on the cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) varies depending on the cell type. We have found that in Jurkat human T cells ceramide increases the [Ca2+]i from a thapsigargin-sensitive calcium pool and the subsequent activation of a capacitative Ca2+ entry. This effect occurs both in the presence and in the absence of extracellular(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptides, produced in the mammalian cardiac atrium, are released into the general circulation and may be actively involved in the control of blood pressure and in fluid homeostasis as antagonists of the peripheral angiotensin system. Certain cardiovascular effects of atrial natriuretic peptides may be centrally mediated, as binding sites(More)
Several species of Ferula genus have been used in folk medicine in digestive disorders, rheumatism, headache, arthritis, and as tranquilizers, antispasmodic and aphrodisiac. From the dry and powdered roots of Ferula hermonis Boiss was extracted the oxygenated sesquiterpene 1,5-trans-daucane type: ferutinine (1). The structure of (1) was established by(More)
Angiotensin II (ANG) receptor subtypes were characterized by quantitative autoradiography after incubation with the ANG agonist [124I]Sar1-ANG in rat adrenal medulla. ANG receptors are highly localized in adrenal medulla. Specific binding was displaced by 4% and by 95% with the AT, receptor blocker losartan and the AT2 receptor competitor CGP 42112A,(More)
We studied the effect of endothelins (ETs) on receptor-mediated NO/cGMP signaling in rat arcuate nucleus–median eminence (AN-ME) fragments, an hypothalamic structure known to contain a rich plexus of nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-containing neurons and fibers together with densely arranged ETB-receptor-like immunoreactive fibers. NOS activity was determined(More)
The effect of rat atrial natriuretic peptide (99-126) (rANP) on cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate production was investigated in two brain areas, the subfornical organ and the choroid plexus. rANP activated guanylate cyclase in crude homogenates of rat subfornical organ and choroid plexus in concentration and time dependent fashions. A 2-fold stimulation(More)
We investigated the effect of endothelins (ETs) on receptor-mediated phosphoinositide turnover in whole adrenal medulla. Endothelin -1, -2, -3 increased phosphoinositide (PI) turnover by 30% in whole adrenal medulla prelabeled with (3H)myoinositol. ET-stimulation of PI hydrolysis was almost completely dependent on the presence of the extracellular calcium(More)