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Styloid process of temporal bone is a slender projection attached to base of the skull and extends downwards, forwards and slightly medially. From its extremity the stylohyoid ligament passes downwards and forwards to the lesser horns of hyoid bone. The process is covered laterally by the parotid gland, facial nerve crosses its base and the external carotid(More)
CONTEXT Asana, pranayama, and meditation are three main techniques of yoga practiced in India over thousands of years to attain functional harmony between the body and mind. Recent studies on long-term yogic practices have shown improvements in cardiovascular functions. AIM The present study was conducted to ascertain if a short-term practice of pranayama(More)
BACKGROUND Anaemia affects the body by decreased oxygen (O2) carrying capacity of the blood. There is growing evidence that anaemia contributes to cardiac disease and death. It causes O2 supply - demand myocardial mismatch causing myocardial ischemia. There is diversity of opinion available in literature on reports of electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in(More)
Learning the nervous system has always been a difficult task for undergraduate students. In particular, the complexity of the system and the condensed time available present a difficult challenge. Regardless of audiovisual aids (blackboard, PowerPoint presentations, ready-made models, or CD-ROMs), deep learning is difficult to achieve. Therefore, we(More)
Hyperventilation (HV) enhances cortical excitability in widely distributed networks including motor, auditory and visual cortices. The depth and frequency of respiration also affects cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of hyperventilation on cortical excitability and cardiac autonomic(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence of cardiac abnormalities in congenital deaf school children, together called as Jervel Lange Nielsen syndrome or Long QT syndrome. AIM The main aim was to study the electrocardiographic changes in congenital deaf children. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty congenital deaf children aged 6-18 years were selected. ECG was taken in(More)
CONTEXT The risk of becoming a diabetic for an individual with a positive family history of diabetes increases by two- to fourfold. AIM To record the anthropometric indices and the physical fitness in individuals with family history of type-2 diabetes mellitus and compare these results with those of controls. SETTINGS AND DESIGN This is a comparative(More)
Background: Standard 12-lead ECG is widely used initial screening test for non-invasive detection of cardiovascular changes in obesity. It is seen that obesity is associated with leftward shift of the P wave, QRS and T wave axis, various changes in the P wave morphology, and low QRS voltage, which remain asymptomatic and hence undiagnosed for a longer(More)
PowerPoint presentations (PPTs) have become routine in medical colleges because of their flexible and varied presentation capabilities. Research indicates that students prefer PPTs over the chalk-and-talk method, and there is a lot of debate over advantages and disadvantages of PPTs. However, there is no clear evidence that PPTs improve student(More)
Background: Oral water ingestion increases blood volume, and hence blood pressure (BP) which in turn increases intraocular pressure (IOP). The aim of the present study was to know the interrelationship between BP and IOP of both the sides, before and after water ingestion, in young healthy male subjects. Methods: This is a comparative and interrelationship(More)