Anita Geraldine Bourke

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Breast imaging has made huge advances in the last decade, and along with newer techniques to diagnose primary breast cancer, many novel methods are being used and look promising in detecting distant metastasis, recurrent disease and assessing response to treatment. Full-field digital mammography optimizes the lesion-background contrast and gives better(More)
This review illustrates the varied appearances of benign and malignant papillary breast tumours, as identified by a breast cancer-screening programme. The commonest mammographic appearance of a papillary tumour is as a soft-tissue mass, with calcification present in less than half of cases. When calcification is present the pattern is variable, but clusters(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new imaging technique for the assessment of breast cancer tumor margins. The technique entails deployment of a high-resolution optical imaging needle under ultrasound guidance. Assessment was performed on fresh ex vivo tissue samples. CONCLUSION Use of the ultrasound-guided optical needle probe allowed(More)
The aim of this review is to illustrate the mammographic and sonographic appearances of squamous metaplasia of the lactiferous ducts (SMOLD) and to discuss the disease processes of this uncommon breast disease, which shows a strong correlation with smoking. The most common mammographic appearance is of a retro-areolar asymmetrical density. Ultrasonography(More)
Two patients with cancer requiring removal of specific impalpable lymph nodes for full pathological analysis underwent ultrasound-guided lesion localisation and marking with a low-activity I-125 seed. A gamma probe was used in theatre to localise the signal from the seed and guide excision. Successful removal of the lesions was confirmed with the probe and(More)
INTRODUCTION Approximately one-third of breast cancers are impalpable and require pre-operative image-guided localisation. Hook-wire localisation (HWL) is commonly used but has several disadvantages. Use of a low-activity radioactive iodine-125 seed is a promising alternative technique used in the USA and the Netherlands. This pilot study describes the(More)
Three cases of carbon granuloma are described following the instillation of carbon solution at the time of stereotactic fine needle aspiration for pre-operative localization of impalpable mammographic abnormalities. If the carbon track is not excised following carbon instillation the retained carbon may result in a granuloma. This may present as a new mass(More)