Anita Ciurciu

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The histone acetyltransferase (HAT) Gcn5 plays a role in chromatin structure and gene expression regulation as a catalytic component of multiprotein complexes, some of which also contain Ada2-type transcriptional coactivators. Data obtained mostly from studies on yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) suggest that Ada2 potentiates Gcn5 activity and substrate(More)
In multicellular organisms, tight regulation of gene expression ensures appropriate tissue and organismal growth throughout development. Reversible phosphorylation of the RNA Polymerase II (RNAPII) C-terminal domain (CTD) is critical for the regulation of gene expression states, but how phosphorylation is actively modified in a developmental context remains(More)
Drosophila Gcn5 is the catalytic subunit of the SAGA and ATAC histone acetylase complexes. Here, we show that mutations in Gcn5 and the ATAC component Ada2a induce a decondensation of the male X chromosome, similar to that induced by mutations in the Iswi and Nurf301 subunits of the NURF nucleosome remodelling complex. Genetic studies as well as transcript(More)
In Drosophila and several other metazoan organisms, there are two genes that encode related but distinct homologs of ADA2-type transcriptional adaptors. Here we describe mutations of the two Ada2 genes of Drosophila melanogaster. By using mutant Drosophila lines, which allow the functional study of individual ADA2s, we demonstrate that both Drosophila Ada2(More)
Various combinations of post-translational modifications of the N-terminal tails of nucleosomal histones serve as signals to govern chromatin-related processes. The relationship, however, among different types of histone modifications - most frequently acetylation, phosphorylation and methylation - and the order of their establishment has been explored only(More)
Puffs in the polytene chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster are characteristic of sites of high-level active transcription which can be observed directly under the microscope. We studied the dependence of puff formation on chromatin modifications at a site where a GAL4-inducible transgene is located in the 61C7 cytological region. Immunostaining of salivary(More)
Misregulation of the level of RNA polymerase II carboxyl-terminal domain (CTD) phosphatase, Fcp1, in Drosophila results in high level of caspase-mediated apoptosis. Apoptosis induction by Fcp1 misregulation requires the presence of Drosophila melanogaster (Dm)p53, but occurs without the transcriptional activation of Dmp53 proapoptotic targets rpr, ark, and(More)
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