Anita Cavallo

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To determine whether melatonin pharmacokinetics change during puberty, we infused melatonin iv in 9 prepubertal, 8 pubertal, and 16 adult subjects and measured melatonin in serum and saliva, and 6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate in urine. A pilot study of 3 adult males showed dose linearity, absence of saturation kinetics, and unaltered metabolism and urinary(More)
Several facts suggest that the pineal gland must have a significant role in human beings: the presence of melatonin secretion from infancy to old age; a circadian secretory pattern similar to that found in animal species in which this gland has well-defined functions; its responsiveness to light; and the presence of melatonin receptors in the hypothalamus.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Aims were (1) to provide normative values for sleep and sleep-related breathing variables and physical features (cephalometrics, body mass index [BMI], and tonsillar size) in older children/adolescents and young adults, (2) to describe sex and age group differences, and (3) to evaluate relationships between physical features and(More)
Studies on the relation between the pineal and human puberty have yielded conflicting results, partly due to methodologic issues, such as failure to consider the characteristic secretory rhythm of melatonin, or exclusion of normal subjects. Melatonin nocturnal rhythm was assessed in 62 normal subjects (ages 5-17 years), in whom hourly blood samples were(More)
Night-float rotations were designed to alleviate the workload of residents on night call and thereby improve patient safety. However, the impact of the night float on residents is yet to be surveyed. We assessed the impact of the night-float rotation on pediatric residents using an anonymous questionnaire that covered topics, based on recall, about sleep,(More)
Among 358 patients with rheumatic diseases, the incidence of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) as detected by immunofixation was 4.4% (11 of 248 patients) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 3% (1 of 32 patients) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 6% (3 of 49 patients) in Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and 3% (1 of 29 patients) in progressive(More)
We compared the performance of a sensitive immunoradiometric assay for luteinizing hormone (LH) with a standard radioimmunoassay and assessed the utility of a single LH determination after a standard dose of LH-releasing hormone (LHRH) in distinguishing pubertal from prepubertal state. Nocturnal integrated LH concentration and LH response to a standard LHRH(More)
Melatonin solutions are frequently used in human, animal, and in vitro research. Generally, fresh solutions are prepared, for fear of instability of melatonin in solution. We tested the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) stability of melatonin in aqueous solutions stored room temperature, 4 degrees C, and -70 degrees C for up to 6 months.(More)
HYPOTHESIS Diminished decline of blood pressure at night has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Exogenous melatonin given to healthy normotensive adults reduces blood pressure. We hypothesized that melatonin increases the decline of blood pressure during sleep in normotensive adolescents with type 1 diabetes. PATIENTS AND(More)