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BACKGROUND The cardinal characteristics of primary hypomagnesaemia-hypercalciuria-nephrocalcinosis include renal magnesium wasting, marked hypercalciuria, renal stones, nephrocalcinosis, a tendency towards chronic renal insufficiency and sometimes even ocular abnormalities or hearing impairment. METHODS As very few patients with this syndrome have been(More)
1. Respiratory alkalosis accompanies the clinical syndrome of tetany, precipitates cardiac arrhythmias and predisposes to coronary vasoconstriction. Magnesium plays a critical role in the maintenance of membrane function, and magnesium depletion is often associated with cardiac arrhythmias or vasoconstriction. 2. As technology for detecting circulating(More)
Ion-selective electrodes have been designed for determining the ionized concentration of magnesium in blood, the biologically active form of this ion. The effect of acute acidosis induced by ammonium loading on circulating and urinary magnesium was investigated in 11 volunteers. No changes in plasma total and ionized magnesium were noted following(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating magnesium exists in the ionized state and in the undissociated form, either bound to albumin, or complexed to various anions. Until recently, only the measurement of total plasma magnesium has been possible. Now circulating ionized magnesium can be assessed as well. METHODS Total and ionized plasma magnesium were determined in 43(More)
In adults, the term specific pulmonary renal syndrome describes disorders with pulmonary and glomerular manifestations and includes Wegener's granulomatosis, Goodpasture disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Nonspecific pulmonary renal syndrome refers to either pulmonary disease complicating glomerular disease, or glomerular diseases following(More)
The calcium channel blocker nifedipine is widely used in children with systemic hypertension; however, because of the short duration of action, three to four daily doses of the standard preparation are required. Amlodipine once-daily, a calcium channel blocker structurally related to nifedipine with an excellent bioavailability and a long elimination(More)
Intestinal infections with shigatoxin-producing Escherichia coli or Shigella dysenteriae type I play a major role in the pathogenesis of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome in childhood. Escherichia coli has been repeatedly detected in the intestines of healthy cattle. Twenty-seven children with hemolytic-uremic syndrome were treated at our hospital between June(More)
Regulation of magnesium balance is achieved by a steady-state mechanism in which intake and output are maintained at an equal level. Dietary magnesium intake, total and ionized plasma magnesium levels, and urinary magnesium were assessed in 46 renal transplant recipients treated with cyclosporine, nine transplant recipients who had never been on(More)