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Identifying the mechanisms of eukaryotic genome evolution by comparative genomics is often complicated by the multiplicity of events that have taken place throughout the history of individual lineages, leaving only distorted and superimposed traces in the genome of each living organism. The hemiascomycete yeasts, with their compact genomes, similar(More)
Signal recognition particle-dependent targeting of secretory proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane is predominant in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. A conditional lethal mutant of the SCR2-encoded 7S RNA provided the first in vivo evidence for involvement of this particle in cotranslational translocation (He, F., Beckerich, J. M., and Gaillardin, C.(More)
The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica is a model organism for in vivo study of the signal recognition particle-dependent targeting pathway. In this report, we defined solubilization conditions and set up a fractionation procedure of Y. lipolytica microsomes to determine the amounts of Sec61p-containing translocation pores linked to ribosomes. In contrast to(More)
Since its description by Fields and Song in 1989 (Nature 340, 245-246), the yeast two-hybrid system has been used extensively to study protein-protein interactions, becoming increasingly efficient with technological and methodological improvements. Here, we report the construction of a highly representative two-hybrid genomic library for the dimorphic yeast(More)
Following endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, eukaryotic cells trigger a conserved signal transduction pathway called the unfolded protein response (UPR) that regulates the ER’s capacity to perform protein folding according to cellular demand. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the UPR is initiated by Ire1, a type I transmembrane serine/threonine(More)
The core component of the translocation apparatus, Sec61p or alpha, was previously cloned in Yarrowia lipolytica. Using anti-Sec61p antibodies, we showed that most of the translocation sites are devoted to co-translational translocation in this yeast, which is similar to the situation in mammalian cells but in contrast to the situation in Saccharomyces(More)
The cell wall of Candida albicans is composed of mannoproteins associated to glycan polymers. Most of these proteins are retained in this compartment through a phosphodiester linkage between a remnant of their glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor and the β-1,6-glucan polymer. A pure β-1,6-glucanase is thus required in order to release them. In this paper, we(More)
In this study, the identification and characterization of the Yarrowia lipolytica homologues of Saccharomyces cerevisiae alpha-1,6-mannosyltransferases Anp1p and Och1p, designated YlAnl1p and YlOch1p, are described. In order to confirm the function of the Y. lipolytica proteins, including the previously isolated YlMnn9p, in the N-glycosylation pathway, a(More)
Cell wall proteins are central to the virulence of Candida albicans. Hwp1, Hwp2 and Rbt1 form a family of hypha-associated cell surface proteins. Hwp1 and Hwp2 have been involved in adhesion and other virulence traits but Rbt1 is still poorly characterized. To assess the role of Rbt1 in the interaction of C. albicans with biotic and abiotic surfaces(More)
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins are an important class of cell wall proteins in Candida albicans because of their localization and their function, even if more than half of them have no characterized homolog in the databases. In this study, we focused on the IFF protein family, investigating their exposure on the cell surface and the(More)