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OBJECTIVE To assess risk factors for herpes zoster beyond age and immunosuppression, especially the association with a family history of herpes zoster, since a preventative herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia vaccine is now available. DESIGN We undertook a case-control study of herpes zoster, which represents reactivation of latent varicella zoster(More)
Among individuals with HIV-infection, coinfection with oncogenic viruses including EBV, HHV-8, and HPV cause significant cancer-related morbidity and mortality. It is clear that these viruses interact with HIV in unique ways that predispose HIV-infected individuals to malignant diseases. In general, treatment directed specifically against these viruses does(More)
BACKGROUND Herpes zoster (shingles) is a common disease caused by a reactivation of the latent varicella-zoster virus (chickenpox), which resides in the dorsal root ganglia. Valacyclovir HCl, the L-valyl ester of acyclovir, is an antiviral drug that is used to accelerate the resolution of the herpes zoster rash and associated pain and reduce the duration of(More)
A dosage of 1 g of valacyclovir 3 times per day (TID) for 7 days has already been shown to be superior to an oral dosage of 800 mg acyclovir 5 times per day for 7 days in immunocompetent individuals. The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of an oral dosage of valacyclovir, 1 g TID versus 2 g TID, for the treatment of herpes zoster(More)
This review focuses on Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, diagnosis, and current treatment, with emphasis on EBV-associated mucocutaneous manifestations in primary infections, acute EBV-associated syndromes, chronic infections, lymphoproliferative disorders, and lymphomas. In primary infection, EBV infects B cells and can cause mucocutaneous manifestations(More)
BACKGROUND Vemurafenib is an oral BRAF inhibitor recently approved for the treatment of metastatic melanoma. Patients treated with this medication have been reported to have the occurrence of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and/or actinic keratosis (AK). OBJECTIVE We report the case of a patient treated with vemurafenib for papillary thyroid carcinoma who(More)
Geographic disparities in life expectancy are substantial and not fully explained by differences in race and socioeconomic status. To develop policies that address these inequalities, it is essential to identify other factors that account for this variation. In this study we investigated whether population well-being-a comprehensive measure of physical,(More)
This case highlights the importance of careful evaluation of girls presenting with imperforate hymen as this is accompanied by other female reproductive tract anomalies. It is of utmost importance that a correct timely diagnosis is made so that the right treatment can be chosen with the perspective of future fertility. Cervical dysgenesis associated with(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is the causative agent of both chickenpox and herpes zoster (shingles). More than 90% of the adult population in theUnited States is seropositive for VZV. VZV remains latent in the dorsal root and cranial nerve ganglia after chickenpox and reactivates to give rise to herpes zoster.1 Herpes zoster affects over 1 million Americans(More)
Pseudoaneurysm, a known complication of arterial needle puncture, is also an uncommon complication of parenteral drug abuse. India is currently witnessing an upsurge of abuse of injectable drugs. Five cases of pseudoaneurysm developing as a complication of intra-arterial drug abuse are reported. The need for early recognition and proper timely intervention(More)