Anis Karboul

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Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis was diagnosed in 21 HIV-negative, nonhospitalized male patients residing in northern Tunisia. A detailed investigation showed accelerated transmission of a Mycobacterium tuberculosis clone of the Haarlem type in 90% of all patients. This finding highlights the epidemic potential of this prevalent genotype.
Typing analyses of 378 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates collected between the years 2001 and 2005 from three northern representative regions of Tunisia revealed a highly homogeneous population. Indeed, 84.9 % of all tuberculosis (TB) cases were attributed to the Haarlem, LAM or T families. Strikingly, within each family, more than 60 % of TB cases were(More)
Snake venom contains a complex protein mixture belonging to a few well-characterized protein families: disintegrins, phospholipase A2, serine protease, l-amino acid oxidase, Zn-dependent metalloproteinase, natriuretic peptides, myotoxins, cysteine-rich secretory protein (CRISP) toxins, Kunitz-type protease inhibitors and C-type lectin-like. Despite their(More)
Outbreaks of infectious bursal disease (IBD) still continue to afflict the Tunisian poultry industry even in those flocks where the vaccination program is strictly applied. To characterize the viruses that circumvent protection provided by vaccination, field isolates of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) obtained from vaccinated flocks that have(More)
The PE and PPE (PE/PPE) multigene families of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are particularly GC-rich and share extensive homologous repetitive sequences. We hypothesized that they may undergo homologous recombination events, a mechanism rarely described in the natural evolution of mycobacteria. To test our hypothesis, we developed a specific(More)
BACKGROUND PE and PE_PGRS are two mycobateria-restricted multigene families encoding membrane associated and secreted proteins that have expanded mainly in the pathogenic species, notably the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC). Several lines of evidence attribute to PE and PE_PGRS genes critical roles in mycobacterial pathogenicity. To get more(More)
OBJECTIVES Fingerprinting of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains based on the IS6110 insertion sequence would considerably gain in terms of discriminatory power and versatility if both 5' and 3' polymorphisms were simultaneously targeted, and if it benefited from automated capillary electrophoresis. In response to these requirements, we developed(More)
The highly homologous PE_PGRS (Proline-glutamic acid_polymorphic GC-rich repetitive sequence) genes are members of the PE multigene family which is found only in mycobacteria. PE genes are particularly abundant within the genomes of pathogenic mycobacteria where they seem to have expanded as a result of gene duplication events. PE_PGRS genes are(More)
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