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Mediastinal mass syndrome (MMS) is a complex case that poses many challenges to the anesthesiologist. The cornerstone of management focuses on the potential hemodynamic changes associated with this syndrome. We describe the anesthetic management of a patient with a previously undiagnosed mediastinal mass presenting for emergency neurosurgical surgery.
Objective. Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) is a rare idiopathic neurodegenerative disorder affecting upper motor neurons and characterized by spasticity, muscle weakness, and bulbar involvement. It can sometimes mimic early stage of more common and fatal amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Surgical patients with a history of neurodegenerative disorders,… (More)
Bronchoscopic-guided percutaneous dilational tracheostomy has become one of the most common elective tracheostomy methods for patients requiring prolonged ventilatory support. The safety profile, patient selection, and risks as well as complication management, when compared with an open surgical technique, remain somewhat controversial with no clear… (More)