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In Arabidopsis, pre-mRNAs encoding serine/arginine (SR) proteins, key regulators of constitutive and alternative splicing, are extensively alternatively spliced. In seedlings, 13 SR genes are alternatively spliced to generate 75 transcripts, of which 53 contain a premature termination codon (PTC). However, it is not known if any of the PTC-containing splice(More)
In recent years the kinesin superfamily has become so large that several different naming schemes have emerged, leading to confusion and miscommunication. Here, we set forth a standardized kinesin nomenclature based on 14 family designations. The scheme unifies all previous phylogenies and nomenclature proposals, while allowing individual sequence names to(More)
Serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins play important roles in constitutive and alternative splicing and other aspects of mRNA metabolism. We have previously isolated a unique plant SR protein (SR45) with atypical domain organization. However, the biological and molecular functions of this novel SR protein are not known. Here, we report biological and molecular(More)
Serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins in non-plant systems are known to play important roles in both constitutive and alternative splicing of pre-messenger RNAs (pre-mRNAs). Recently, we isolated a novel SR protein (SR45), which interacts with U1 snRNP 70K protein, a key protein involved in 5' splice site recognition. SR45 is found only in plants and is unique(More)
second messenger in eukaryotes, and calmodulin regulate some kinesins by causing the motor to dissociate from its biological track, the microtubule. Our focus was the mechanism of calcium regulation of kinesin at atomic resolution. Here we report the crystal structure of kinesin-like calmodulin binding protein (KCBP) from potato resolved to 2.3 Å. The(More)
Analysis of the recently completed Arabidopsis genome sequence indicates that approximately 31% of the predicted genes could not be assigned to functional categories, as they do not show any sequence similarity with proteins of known function from other organisms. Calmodulin (CaM), a ubiquitous and multifunctional Ca(2+) sensor, interacts with a wide(More)
Plant kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP) is a novel member of the kinesin superfamily that interacts with calmodulin (CaM) via its CaM-binding domain (CBD). Activated CaM (Ca(2+)-CaM) has been shown to inhibit KCBP interaction with microtubules (MTs) thereby abolishing its motor- and MT-dependent ATPase activities. To test whether the fusion of(More)
Kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP), a member of the Kinesin-14 family, is a C-terminal microtubule motor with three unique domains including a myosin tail homology region 4 (MyTH4), a talin-like domain, and a calmodulin-binding domain (CBD). The MyTH4 and talin-like domains (found in some myosins) are not found in other reported kinesins. A(More)
1,2,4-butanetriol (butanetriol) is a useful precursor for the synthesis of the energetic material butanetriol trinitrate and several pharmaceutical compounds. Bacterial synthesis of butanetriol from xylose or arabinose takes place in a pathway that requires four enzymes. To produce butanetriol in plants by expressing bacterial enzymes, we cloned native(More)