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OBJECTIVE To study the clinical spectrum of CACNA1A S218L mutation carriers with special attention to "early seizures and cerebral oedema after trivial head trauma (ESCEATHT)", a combination of symptoms which resembles the "juvenile head trauma syndrome". PATIENTS AND METHODS In two patients with ESCEATHT all exons of CACNA1A were sequenced. Both patients(More)
Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare neurologic syndrome with recurrent hemiplegic attacks shifting from one side to the other and lasting from minutes to several days. The attacks typically begin in infancy, are triggered by emotion or fatigue, and disappear during sleep. 1 Additional features are pen-dular nystagmus, tonic/dystonic attacks,(More)
Migraine is the most common brain disorder, affecting approximately 14% of the adult population, but its molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. We report the results of a meta-analysis across 29 genome-wide association studies, including a total of 23,285 individuals with migraine (cases) and 95,425 population-matched controls. We identified 12 loci(More)
Migraine is a common episodic neurological disorder, typically presenting with recurrent attacks of severe headache and autonomic dysfunction. Apart from rare monogenic subtypes, no genetic or molecular markers for migraine have been convincingly established. We identified the minor allele of rs1835740 on chromosome 8q22.1 to be associated with migraine (P(More)
BACKGROUND Episodic ataxia (EA) is variably associated with additional neurologic symptoms. At least 4 genes have been implicated. Recently, a mutation in the SLC1A3 gene encoding the glutamate transporter EAAT1 was identified in a patient with severe episodic and progressive ataxia, seizures, alternating hemiplegia, and migraine headache. The mutant EAAT1(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the co-occurrence of migraine and depression and assess whether shared genetic factors may underlie both diseases. METHODS Subjects were 2,652 participants of the Erasmus Rucphen Family genetic isolate study. Migraine was diagnosed using a validated 3-stage screening method that included a telephone interview. Symptoms of(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To highlight recent genetic findings in migraine and discuss, new mutations in hemiplegic migraine genes in familial and sporadic cases and relevant candidate gene association studies. Special attention will be given to comorbid diseases of migraine. RECENT FINDINGS Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) is genetically heterogeneous with(More)
BACKGROUND Familial (FHM) and sporadic (SHM) hemiplegic migraine are severe subtypes of migraine associated with transient hemiparesis. For FHM, three genes have been identified encoding subunits of a calcium channel (CACNA1A), a sodium-potassium pump (ATP1A2), and a sodium channel (SCN1A). Their role in SHM is unknown. Establishing a genetic basis for SHM(More)
INTRODUCTION It is unclear whether patients diagnosed according to International Classification of Headache Disorders criteria for migraine with aura (MA) and migraine without aura (MO) experience distinct disorders or whether their migraine subtypes are genetically related. AIM Using a novel gene-based (statistical) approach, we aimed to identify(More)
OBJECTIVE Attacks of familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) are usually associated with transient, completely reversible symptoms. Here, we studied the ATP1A2 FHM2 gene in a young girl with episodes of both very severe and transient neurological symptoms that were triggered by mild head trauma as well as permanent mental retardation. Her family members suffered(More)