Anindya Sundar Ghosh

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Bacterial cell shape is, in part, mediated by the peptidoglycan (murein) sacculus. Penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) catalyze the final stages of murein biogenesis and are the targets of beta-lactam antibiotics. Several low molecular mass PBPs including PBP4, PBP5, PBP6 and DacD seem to possess DD-carboxypeptidase (DD-CPase) activity, but these proteins(More)
Four low-molecular-weight penicillin binding proteins (LMW PBPs) of Escherichia coli are closely related and have similar DD-carboxypeptidase activities (PBPs 4, 5, and 6 and DacD). However, only one, PBP 5, has a demonstrated physiological function. In its absence, certain mutants of E. coli have altered diameters and lose their uniform outer contour,(More)
Cell wall impermeability and active efflux of drugs are among the primary reasons for drug resistance in mycobacteria. Efflux pumps are tripartite membrane localized transport proteins that expel drug molecules outside the cells. Several of such efflux pumps are annotated in mycobacteria, but few have been characterized, like MSMEG_2991, a putative efflux(More)
ness and treatment may provide valuable insight into reasons for not attending. This consumer orientated approach could enable clinicians not only to improve clinic attendance but to assess their treatment efficacy. The aims of this study were: (a) to assess the rate of non-attendance at a psychiatric out-patient clinic (b) to compare personal and(More)
The major bifunctional transpeptidases/transglycosylases of Escherichia coli, penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) 1a and 1b, were evaluated for their influence on biofilm formation. While the PBP1a mutant was unaffected, the PBP1b mutant exhibited significantly decreased biofilm formation and motility. Interestingly, the extracellular indole concentration(More)
Escherichia coli penicillin-binding protein 5 (PBP5), a dd-carboxypeptidase encoded by the dacA gene, plays a key role in the maintenance of cell shape. Although PBP5 shares one of the highest copy numbers among the PBPs, it is not essential for cell survival. To determine the effect of this redundant PBP on beta-lactam antibiotic susceptibility, PBP5 was(More)
Certain mutants in Escherichia coli lacking multiple penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) produce misshapen cells containing kinks, bends and branches. These deformed regions exhibit two structural characteristics of normal cell poles: the peptidoglycan is inert to dilution by new synthesis or turnover, and a similarly stable patch of outer membrane caps the(More)
In bacteria, several physiological processes once thought to be the products of uniformly dispersed reactions are now known to be highly asymmetric, with some exhibiting interesting geometric localizations. In particular, the cell envelope of Escherichia coli displays a form of subcellular differentiation in which peptidoglycan and outer membrane proteins(More)
Escherichia coli PBP5, PBP6 and DacD, encoded by dacA, dacC and dacD, respectively, share substantial amino acid identity and together constitute ~50 % of the total penicillin-binding proteins of E. coli. PBP5 helps maintain intrinsic β-lactam resistance within the cell. To test if PBP6 and DacD play simlar roles, we deleted dacC and dacD individually, and(More)
UNLABELLED Increasing amounts of metal-based implants are used for orthopedic or dental surgeries throughout the world. Still several implant-related problems such as inflammation, loosening and bacterial infection are prevalent. These problems stem from the immediate microbial contamination and failure of initial osteoblast adhesion. Additionally,(More)