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Though mild cognitive impairment is an intermediate clinical state between healthy aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD), there are very few whole-brain voxel-wise diffusion MRI studies directly comparing changes in healthy control, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD subjects. Here we report whole-brain findings from a comprehensive study of diffusion(More)
In this paper, we present a technique that can be used to transform the motion or deformation fields defined in the coordinate system of one subject into the coordinate system of another subject. Such a transformation accounts for the differences in the coordinate systems of the two subjects due to misalignment and size/shape variation, enabling the motion(More)
Brain volume loss (atrophy) is widely used as a marker of disease progression. Atrophy has been measured with a variety of methods, some estimating atrophy rate from two temporally separated scans, and others estimating atrophy state from a single scan. Three popular tools for measuring brain atrophy are BSI and SIENA (rate) and SIENAX (state). Previous(More)
Diffusion imaging is a promising marker of microstructural damage in neurodegenerative disorders, but interpretation of its relationship with underlying neuropathology can be complex. Here, we examined both volumetric and brain microstructure abnormalities in 13 amnestic patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), who progressed to probable Alzheimer's(More)
In this paper we present a new technique for tracking the movement of the myocardium using a statistical model derived from the motion fields in the hearts of several healthy volunteers. To build the statistical model we tracked the motion of the myocardium in 17 volunteers using a nonrigid registration technique based on free-form deformations and mapped(More)
In this paper, we describe how two multivariate statistical techniques can be used to investigate how different structures within the brain vary statistically relative to each other. The first of these techniques is canonical correlation analysis which extracts and quantifies correlated behaviour between two sets of vector variables. The second technique is(More)
APOE epsilon4 is the best-established genetic risk factor for sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, while homozygotes show greater disease susceptibility and earlier age of onset than heterozygotes, they may not show faster rates of clinical progression. We hypothesize that there are differential APOE epsilon4 allele-load dependent influences on(More)
The segmentation of lesions in the brain during the development of Multiple Sclerosis is part of the diagnostic assessment for this disease and gives information on its current severity. This laborious process is still carried out in a manual or semiautomatic fashion by clinicians because published automatic approaches have not been universal enough to be(More)