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In this report, the third in this Series on health and climate change, we assess the changes in particle air pollution emissions and consequent effects on health that are likely to result from greenhouse-gas mitigation measures in the electricity generation sector in the European Union (EU), China, and India. We model the effect in 2030 of policies that aim(More)
A key climate policy question is how to balance low-cost emission reductions from land-based activities available in the near term with investments to drive technological innovation in energy, industry, and other sectors over the medium to long term. This paper uses a global climate-energy-economy model to investigate the implications of linking Reduced(More)
This Series has examined the health implications of policies aimed at tackling climate change. Assessments of mitigation strategies in four domains-household energy, transport, food and agriculture, and electricity generation-suggest an important message: that actions to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions often, although not always, entail net benefits for(More)
The provision of electricity has been a great benefit to society, particularly in health terms, but it also carries health costs. Comparison of different forms of commercial power generation by use of the fuel cycle methods developed in European studies shows the health burdens to be greatest for power stations that most pollute outdoor air (those based on(More)
This article is concerned with establishing a methodology for the measurement of the social cost of tobacco consumption, and with using that methodology to estimate the relative quantitative importance of each of the identified components of social cost. It begins by defining social cost and explaining its relevance to policy making. The next section(More)
In recent years there has been a large scientific and public debate on climate change and its direct as well as indirect effects on human health. In particular, a large amount of research on the effects of climate changes on human health has addressed two fundamental questions. First, can historical data be of some help in revealing how short-run or(More)
This paper presents new welfare measures for marginal changes in river quality in selected English rivers. The river quality indicators used include chemical, biological and habitat-level attributes. Economic values for recreational use of three types of river-upland, lowland and chalk-are presented. A survey of anglers was carried out and using these data,(More)