Learn More
In this report, the third in this Series on health and climate change, we assess the changes in particle air pollution emissions and consequent effects on health that are likely to result from greenhouse-gas mitigation measures in the electricity generation sector in the European Union (EU), China, and India. We model the effect in 2030 of policies that aim(More)
Founded in 1948, The World Conservation Union brings together States, government agencies and a diverse range of non-governmental organizations in a unique world partnership: over 800 members in all, spread across some 125 countries. As a Union, IUCN seeks to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and(More)
This Series has examined the health implications of policies aimed at tackling climate change. Assessments of mitigation strategies in four domains-household energy, transport, food and agriculture, and electricity generation-suggest an important message: that actions to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions often, although not always, entail net benefits for(More)
The provision of electricity has been a great benefit to society, particularly in health terms, but it also carries health costs. Comparison of different forms of commercial power generation by use of the fuel cycle methods developed in European studies shows the health burdens to be greatest for power stations that most pollute outdoor air (those based on(More)
There is a broad consensus that climate change will increase the costs arising from diseases such as malaria and diarrhea and, furthermore, that the largest increases will be in developing countries. One of the problems is the lack of studies measuring these costs systematically and in detail. This paper critically reviews a number of studies about the(More)
In recent years there has been a large scientific and public debate on climate change and its direct as well as indirect effects on human health. In particular, a large amount of research on the effects of climate changes on human health has addressed two fundamental questions. First, can historical data be of some help in revealing how short-run or(More)
In recent years, the role of tourism has become more recognized in the context of the sustainable use of natural resources and the sector's potential contribution to the country's economic growth. The central objective of this paper is threefold: (a) to present a review of how the tourism element was treated in World Bank projects between fiscal years 1992(More)
We use panel data of UK workers to examine whether there is evidence of compensating wage differentials for workplace risk, and to recover estimates of the VSL implicit in workers' job choices. Risk data is available at the four-digit industry and three-digit occupation level. We discuss various econometric problems associated with the hedonic wage(More)
This paper was sponsored by the Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID) under a cooperative agreement with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Georgy Fomenko and Marina Fomenko are short-term consultants with the NIS-EEP Project. Anil Markandya is a professor of quantitative economics at the University of Bath, an(More)