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Cytological studies have been presented from a 15-year-old girl with short stature and failure of puberty. Buccal mucosa preparations revealed X-chromatin mass approximately double in size of that of a normal female. Leukocyte metaphases suggested a two cell line composition of the patient. One population of cells conformed with 45,X chromosome(More)
The techniques of H3-thymidine autoradiography, C and G bandings were utilized for the identification of an extra “C” chromosome in a patient with 47,XX,+C complement. The abnormal element was found to be an additional homolog of 8 pair. The clinical findings of this patient were compared with those cases that have been reported in the literature as 8(More)
2 male patients with G-trisomic Down's syndrome, were studied for constitutive heterochromatin pattern by the technique of Arrighi and Hsu (1971). 2 G-chromosomes were found to have heterochromatin distributed around the centromeric areas and the remaining 3 were free of such localized heterochromatin blocks; the extra G-chromosome belonging to the(More)
In an earlier study, Sinha et al. (1) reported that the background frequency of cytogenetic aberrations is about the same in human lymphocytes cultured for either 48 or 72 h. First division metaphases were in the majority at 48 h of incubation and continued to appear in 22% of the lymphocytes harvested at 72 h. Although it has generally been assumed that(More)
Sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) were analyzed in peripheral blood lymphocytes from a select group of 71 healthy men, 56 nonsmokers and 15 cigarette smokers. In addition to estimating baseline SCE, data were examined to seek relationships of SCE frequencies to age and smoking. The baseline value of 7.53 SCE per cell from the 56 nonsmokers was within the(More)
Peripheral blood samples from Sprague-Dawley rats gave successful lymphocyte growth in GIBCO: IA, RPMI 1640, and Eagle's minimum essential medium (MEM) culture media. Various growth conditions, cytokinetics, and sister chromatic exchange (SCE) induction were studied using reconstituted GIBCO 1A only. Neither methoxyflurane anesthesia of the rats before(More)
Despite the fact that HeLa and HEp-2 cell lines have been established respectively from a female and a male patient, the frequent loss of the Y chromosome makes it difficult to discriminate the two cell types. The technique of centromeric localization of heterochromatin, however, facilitates more definite identification of the two cell types. Giemsa(More)
Rat lymphocyte cultures were initiated in minimal essential medium containing 0, 0.01, 1.0, or 10 mg/l of folic acid to investigate the influence of folic acid on cell kinetics, chromosome aberration, and sister chromatid exchange (SCE) frequencies. No significant difference was observed between cultures with and without folic acid in mitotic index or cell(More)
Peripheral blood cultures were set up from male rats and humans in TC199, RPMI 1640, and minimal essential medium in the presence of 5-bromo, 2-deoxyuridine and harvested at 48, 72, and 96 h. Mitotic indices were compared in the different media at all three harvest times, but cytokinetic patterns and baseline sister chromatid exchange (SCE) frequencies were(More)