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Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea occurs in about 2% of children, and manifests as snoring, difficulty breathing, and witnessed apneic spells. Daytime symptoms include excessive sleepiness with poor performance and behavior problems. Severe forms may be associated with failure-to-thrive or death. The gold standard diagnostic procedure is overnight(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the nasal opening of the human nasopalatine duct (NPD; a major duct of the vomeronasal system used in animals for chemical communication) by identifying its location, categorizing variations in physical characteristics, and assessing frequency of detection. DESIGN Two studies: (1) general study incorporating endoscopic(More)
Evaluation and treatment of pediatric sinusitis is a challenging area that has been subject to many different opinions and options during the past decade. Sinusitis is among the most commonly encountered diseases of childhood and has been the major area of interest for many otolaryngologists, allergists, and pediatricians. We have searched the medical(More)
With acoustic rhinometry, one can detect a difference in response to a topical decongestant between normal and allergic subjects at the minimal cross-sectional area. The minimal cross-sectional area corresponds in most cases to the anterior end of the inferior turbinate or the first valley, which occurs after the nose piece of the acoustic rhinometer on the(More)
Acoustic rhinometry (AR) was used to objectively measure the success of septoplasty in relieving nasal obstruction caused by septal deviation. In addition, the patients were given a questionnaire to subjectively assess symptoms of congestion, rhinorrhea, and sneezing. Patients diagnosed with a septal deviation requiring surgery to eliminate obstruction were(More)
Among the many methods of allergy diagnosis are intradermal testing (IDT) and skin-prick testing (SPT). The usefulness of IDT has been called into question by some authors, while others believe that studies demonstrating that SPT was superior might have been subject to bias. We conducted a study to compare the validity of SPT and IDT--specifically, the skin(More)
Mold allergy surveys are an important part of the correct identification and treatment of mold allergies. This study included 100 patients who were referred to a Midwestern allergy clinic for the evaluation of rhinitis, suspected to be of allergic origin. An in vitro screening test for allergen-specific IgE (ImmunoCAP) comprised of 10 allergens, including(More)
Fungal sinusitis is a disease which can be grouped into invasive and noninvasive forms. The invasive entities include the acute/fulminant and chronic/indolent forms. The noninvasive entities include the fungus ball and allergic forms. The noninvasive forms, however, can develop into invasive disease under certain immunosuppressive states. The patient in(More)
Acoustic rhinometry (AR) evaluates the geometry of the nasal cavity with acoustic reflections and provides information about nasal cross-sectional areas (CSA) and nasal volume within a given distance. The accuracy of the information obtained by AR was compared with that of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the nasal cavity. Five healthy subjects were(More)