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Neutrophils trigger inflammation-induced acute kidney injury (AKI), a frequent and potentially lethal occurrence in humans. Molecular mechanisms underlying neutrophil recruitment to sites of inflammation have proved elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that SLP-76 (SH2 domain-containing leukocyte phosphoprotein of 76 kD) and ADAP (adhesion and(More)
TNF-α-converting enzyme (TACE, herein denoted as Adam17) proteolytically sheds several cell-surface inflammatory proteins, but the physiologic importance of the cleavage of these substrates from leukocyte subsets during inflammation is incompletely understood. In this study, we show that Adam17-null neutrophils have a 2-fold advantage in their initial(More)
Leukocyte recruitment to sites of infection or tissue damage plays a crucial role for the innate immune response. Chemokine-dependent signaling in immune cells is a very important mechanism leading to integrin activation and leukocyte recruitment. CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) is a prominent chemokine receptor on neutrophils. During the last years,(More)
Neutrophils are recruited from the blood to sites of inflammation, where they contribute to immune defense but may also cause tissue damage. During inflammation, neutrophils roll along the microvascular endothelium before arresting and transmigrating. Arrest requires conformational activation of the integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1),(More)
Decorin, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, regulates extracellular matrix organization, growth factor-mediated signaling, and cell growth. Because decorin may directly modulate immune responses, we investigated its role in a mouse model of contact allergy (oxazolone-mediated delayed-type hypersensitivity [DTH]) in decorin-deficient (Dcn(-/-)) and wild-type(More)
Neutrophil recruitment to the site of inflammation plays a pivotal role in host defense. However, overwhelming activation and accumulation of neutrophils in the tissue may cause tissue damage and autoimmunity due to the release of cytokines, oxidants, and proteases. Neutrophil adhesion in acute inflammation is initiated by activation of αLβ2 (LFA-1), which(More)
Selectins mediate leukocyte rolling, trigger ␤ 2-integrin activation, and promote leukocyte recruitment into inflamed tissue. E-selectin binding to P-selectin gly-coprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) leads to activation of an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)–dependent pathway, which in turn activates the spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk). However,(More)
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