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Inflammatory cell recruitment after myocardial infarction needs to be tightly controlled to permit infarct healing while avoiding fatal complications such as cardiac rupture. Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), a transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-related cytokine, is induced in the infarcted heart of mice and humans. We show that coronary artery(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation of the adhesion molecule VE-cadherin is assumed to affect endothelial junction integrity. However, it remains unclear whether tyrosine residues of VE-cadherin are required for the induction of vascular permeability and the regulation of leukocyte extravasation in vivo. We found here that knock-in mice expressing a Y685F mutant of(More)
Neutrophils trigger inflammation-induced acute kidney injury (AKI), a frequent and potentially lethal occurrence in humans. Molecular mechanisms underlying neutrophil recruitment to sites of inflammation have proved elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that SLP-76 (SH2 domain-containing leukocyte phosphoprotein of 76 kD) and ADAP (adhesion and(More)
Beyond its well-established roles in mediating leukocyte rolling, E-selectin is emerging as a multifunctional receptor capable of inducing integrin activation in neutrophils, and of regulating various biological processes in hematopoietic precursors. Although these effects suggest important homeostatic contributions of this selectin in the immune and(More)
Selectins mediate leukocyte rolling, trigger beta(2)-integrin activation, and promote leukocyte recruitment into inflamed tissue. E-selectin binding to P-selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) leads to activation of an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-dependent pathway, which in turn activates the spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk). However,(More)
Rolling leukocytes are exposed to different adhesion molecules and chemokines. Neutrophils rolling on E-selectin induce integrin αLβ2-mediated slow rolling on ICAM-1 by activating a phospholipase C (PLC)γ2-dependent and a separate PI3Kγ-dependent pathway. E-selectin-signaling cooperates with chemokine signaling to recruit neutrophils into inflamed tissues.(More)
TNF-α-converting enzyme (TACE, herein denoted as Adam17) proteolytically sheds several cell-surface inflammatory proteins, but the physiologic importance of the cleavage of these substrates from leukocyte subsets during inflammation is incompletely understood. In this study, we show that Adam17-null neutrophils have a 2-fold advantage in their initial(More)
Leukocyte recruitment to sites of infection or tissue damage plays a crucial role for the innate immune response. Chemokine-dependent signaling in immune cells is a very important mechanism leading to integrin activation and leukocyte recruitment. CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) is a prominent chemokine receptor on neutrophils. During the last years,(More)
Decorin, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, regulates extracellular matrix organization, growth factor-mediated signaling, and cell growth. Because decorin may directly modulate immune responses, we investigated its role in a mouse model of contact allergy (oxazolone-mediated delayed-type hypersensitivity [DTH]) in decorin-deficient (Dcn(-/-)) and wild-type(More)
Neutrophils are recruited from the blood to sites of inflammation, where they contribute to immune defense but may also cause tissue damage. During inflammation, neutrophils roll along the microvascular endothelium before arresting and transmigrating. Arrest requires conformational activation of the integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1),(More)