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During development, visual photoreceptors, bipolar cells and other neurons establish connections within the retina enabling the eye to process visual images over approximately 7 log units of illumination. Within the retina, cells that respond to light increment and light decrement are separated into ON- and OFF-pathways. Hereditary diseases are known to(More)
PURPOSE To describe the ocular phenotype of patients with RPE65 mutations in infancy and young childhood. METHODS Four children from three families with severe early-onset visual impairment related to electrophysiologically detectable retinal dystrophy were screened for mutations in the RPE65 gene. Visual function from infancy to the age of 10 years was(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the spectrum of RPE65 mutations present in 453 patients with retinal dystrophy with an interest in understanding the range of functional deficits attributable to sequence variants in this gene. METHODS The 14 exons of RPE65 were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from patients' DNA and analyzed for sequence changes by(More)
Oguchi disease is a rare autosomal recessive form of congenital stationary night blindness with all other visual functions, including visual acuity, visual field, and colour vision being usually normal. A typical clinical feature of the disorder is a golden or gray-white discolouration of the fundus which disappears in the dark-adapted state and reappears(More)
Although much is known about the protective effect of acute estrogen therapy in cerebral ischemia, relatively little is known about its effect on functional outcome at different ages. The impact of age is, however, important on the efficacy of steroids in the central nervous system. We investigated whether a single dose of estradiol pre-treatment would be(More)
The aim of our study was to assess psychiatric symptoms in patients with genetically proven primary mutation of the mitochondrial DNA. 19 adults with known mitochondrial mutation (MT) have been assessed with the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire 20-item Disability Index (HAQ-DI), the Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), the Beck Depression(More)
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) converts plasminogen to plasmin. Plasmin is involved in processing of amyloid precursor protein and degrades secreted and aggregated amyloid-beta, a hallmark of Alzheimer disease (AD). PLAU, the gene encoding uPA, maps to chromosome 10q22.2 between two regions showing linkage to late-onset AD (LOAD). We genotyped a(More)
A 20-year-old male patient with chromosomal constitution 45,X, testes and normal external genitalia was examined. Neither mosaicism nor a structurally aberrant Y chromosome was observed when routine cytogenetic analysis was performed on both lymphocytes and skin fibroblasts. Y chromosome-specific single-copy and repeated DNA sequences were detected in the(More)