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Systematic sequence profiling of the Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) genome has recently led to the identification of somatic mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) gene. Interestingly, only the evolutionarily conserved residue R132 located in the substrate binding site of IDH1 was found mutated in GBM. At present, the occurrence and the relevance(More)
Menin is a tumor suppressor required to prevent multiple endocrine neoplasia in humans. Mammalian menin protein is associated with chromatin modifying complexes and has been shown to bind a number of nuclear proteins, including the transcription factor JunD. Menin shows bidirectional effects acting positively on c-Jun and negatively on JunD. We have(More)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant disease predisposed by heterozygous germline mutations in the MEN1 tumor suppressor gene. Biallelic loss of MEN1 resulting from small mutation and/or loss of heterozygosity occurs in a large tissue spectrum of MEN1 tumors or non-hereditary tumors. Mouse models of MEN1 underexpression or(More)
Gene rearrangements activating the RET proto-oncogene are frequently associated with human thyroid carcinomas belonging to the papillary subtype. These arrangements cause the fusion of the tyrosine-kinase domain of RET to the 5'-terminal region of different genes creating the RET/PTC chimeric oncogenes. Here we report the generation of transgenic mice lines(More)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), among all syndromes, causes tumors in the highest number of tissue types. Most of the tumors are hormone producing (e.g., parathyroid, enteropancreatic endocrine, anterior pituitary) but some are not (e.g., angiofibroma). MEN1 tumors are multiple for organ type, for regions of a discontinuous organ, and for(More)
Although it is well known that RET gene is strongly activated by retinoic acid (RA) in neuroblastoma cells, the mechanisms underlying such activation are still poorly understood. Here we show that a complex series of molecular events, that include modifications of both chromatin and DNA methylation state, accompany RA-mediated RET activation. Our results(More)
Cadherins are calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion molecules whose intracellular domain forms a complex with proteins required for their function, called catenins. Down-regulation of cadherins has frequently been detected in many types of human carcinomas, being associated with tumour progression. The present study investigates the immunohistochemical(More)
OBJECTIVES CCDC6 gene product is a tumor-suppressor pro-apoptotic protein, substrate of ATM, involved in DNA damage response and repair. Altered levels of CCDC6 expression are dependent on post-translational modifications, being the de-ubiquitinating enzyme USP7 responsible of the fine tuning of the CCDC6 stability. Thus, our aim was to investigate CCDC6(More)
Non-thyroid neoplasia were analysed by Southern blot of genomic DNA and DNA prepared by reverse transcription and amplification by polymerase chain reaction (RT/PCR) for the activation of the RET oncogene. It is known that the rearrangement of RET occurs in about 10%-20% of human thyroid papillary carcinomas. None of 528 non-thyroid tumours showed(More)
H4(D10S170) is a gene which we isolated because of its frequent rearrangement with the RET proto-oncogene in vivo. Its fusion to RET generates the RET/PTC1 oncogene, which has been detected in about 20% of human thyroid papillary carcinomas. We have cloned and sequenced the cDNA corresponding to the H4(D10S170) gene from a human normal thyroid cDNA library.(More)