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BACKGROUND To critically review the classification, epidemiology, outcomes, diagnosis and treatment of chronic venous disorders of the leg (CVDL), to issue evidence-based recommendations, and to identify areas requiring further research. METHODS Articles identified by an extensive literature search were scored by members of an international task force.(More)
n engl j med 371;12 nejm.org september 18, 2014 1167 We concur that preventing of a cryptococcal disease with targeted pre-ART cryptococcal antigen screening in patients with CD4 cell counts lower than 100 per cubic millimeter is preferable to treating meningitis.3 Cryptococcal antigen screening is probably cost-saving.4,5 Our randomized clinical trial(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to perform an up-to-date meta-analysis on the risk of cardiac malformations associated with gestational exposure to paroxetine, taking into account indication, study design and reference category. METHOD A systematic review of studies published between 1966 and November 2015 was conducted using embase and MEDLINE. Studies(More)
OBJECTIVES Our goals were to (a) describe neonatal behavioral signs in a group of newborns exposed in utero to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or venlafaxine at the time of delivery, (b) compare the rate of neonatal behavioral signs, prematurity, and admission to specialized neonatal care between a group of exposed and unexposed newborns, and (c)(More)
OBJECTIVES The CEAP (clinical, etiologic, anatomic, pathophysiologic) clinical classification for chronic venous disease (CVD) is based on physician-evaluated clinical signs of CVD. The relationship between CEAP clinical classification and patient-perceived quality of life (QOL) has not been evaluated, but is important for the selection and interpretation(More)
OBJECTIVE The validity of epidemiologic research on congenital malformations conducted using administrative databases relies heavily on the quality of diagnostic information. The goal of this study was to validate the diagnostic codes for major congenital malformations (MCMs) recorded in a medical service claims database against mother's report obtained by(More)
OBJECTIVE Statins have been shown to reduce the risk of major cardiovascular disease. We recognize that there is a major gap between the use of statins in actual practice and treatment guidelines for dyslipidemia. Low adherence to statins may have a significant impact on clinical issues and health-care costs. The objective is to evaluate the impact of low(More)
PURPOSES (1) Measure the prevalence of herbal product (HP) use, alone, and concomitantly with prescribed medications during pregnancy, (2) identify the most frequently consumed HP during gestation and (3) determine predictors of HP use at the beginning of pregnancy, and during the third trimester. METHODS A questionnaire was mailed to 8505 women selected(More)
OBJECTIVE (1) To determine the prevalence of antidepressant utilisation before, during, and after pregnancy, (2) to determine switches, dosages, and classes of antidepressant used during pregnancy, and (3) to identify factors associated with their use at the beginning and at the end of pregnancy. DESIGN Retrospective longitudinal cohort. SETTING The(More)
AIM Due to their effect on altering physiological interactions between vasodilator and vasoconstrictor autacoids in normal pregnancies, antidepressants may be associated with the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension. We evaluated the impact of antidepressant use during pregnancy on the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension. METHODS We conducted a(More)