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AGE contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, including dyslipidaemia and atherosclerosis. However, the precise mechanisms remain to be established. In the present study, we examined whether AGE modification of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) affects its functionality, thus altering its cardioprotective profile. The ability of AGE-modified(More)
OBJECTIVE Whereas the anti-inflammatory effects of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) on endothelial cells are well described, such effects on monocytes are less studied. METHODS AND RESULTS Human monocytes were isolated from whole blood followed by assessment of CD11b activation/expression and cell adhesion under shear-flow. HDL caused a dose-dependent(More)
We aimed to distinguish between the effects of mutations in apoA-I on the requirements for the secondary structure and a specific amino acid sequence for lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activation. Several mutants were constructed targeting region 140-150: (i) two mutations affecting alpha-helical structure, deletion of amino acids 140-150 and(More)
The c-Myc protein is a transcription factor with an N-terminal transcriptional regulatory domain and C-terminal oligomerization and DNA-binding motifs. Previous studies have demonstrated that p107, a protein related to the retinoblastoma protein, binds to the c-Myc transcriptional activation domain and suppresses its activity. We sought to characterize the(More)
This study was aimed at developing a method for high-efficiency transient transfection of macrophages. Seven methods were evaluated for transient transfection of murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. The highest transfection efficiency was achieved with DEAE-dextran, although the proportion of cells expressing the reporter gene did not exceed 20%. It was(More)
Genetic variation in ABCA1 significantly affects HDL levels and atherosclerotic risk. The aim of this study was to examine lifestyle factors influencing ABCA1 expression in human leukocytes and skeletal muscle. A fasting venous blood sample and a vastus lateralis muscle biopsy were taken from 30 volunteers (53+/-1 years; mean+/-S.E.M.). Levels of ABCA1 mRNA(More)
Binding sites for cellular transcription factors were placed near the simian virus 40 origin of replication, and their effect on replication and TATA-dependent transcription was measured in COS cells. The hierarchy of transcriptional stimulation changed when the plasmids replicated. Only one of seven inserted sequences, a moderately weak transcription(More)
BACKGROUND Physical exercise is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, which may be partly caused by the effect of exercise on the lipoprotein profile. The most consistent effect of exercise on lipoprotein metabolism is an increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL). METHODS AND RESULTS Parameters of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT)(More)
Okra mosaic virus (OkMV) is a tymovirus infecting members of the family Malvaceae. Early infections in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) lead to yield losses of 12–19.5%. Besides intensive biological characterizations of OkMV only minor molecular data were available. Therefore, we determined the complete nucleotide sequence of a Nigerian isolate of OkMV. The(More)
A search for differentially expressed genes in a pair of nonmetastatic (PC-3) versus metastatic variant (PC-3M) human prostate carcinoma cell lines led to identification of the human heat shock factor (HSF1) as an overexpressed gene product in PC-3M cells. Analysis of primary prostate cancer specimens indicated that HSF1 is generally up-regulated in most of(More)