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A method is described for percutaneous localization of the sacral foramina, for neuromodulation of bladder function. We carried out an anatomical study of 5 male and 5 female human cadaver pelves. Using the described surface markings, needles were placed percutaneously into all sacral foramina from nine different angles. Paths of needle entry were studied… (More)
Two patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting in which the internal mammary arteries were used, developed chronic, atypical chest pain. After further investigation a diagnosis of intercostal neuralgia was made. It is thought that this condition is due to damage to the intercostal nerves when the internal mammary arteries are dissected.… (More)
We describe six cases of head and neck or upper limb cancer palliative care patients with refractory pain, treated with an intrathecal catheter placed at cervical or upper thoracic spinal levels with a non-implanted, externalized and tunnelled delivery system. In these cases, this system was safe and effective.
We administered combined femoral 3 in 1 and sciatic nerve blocks to provide postoperative pain relief in 22 consecutive patients undergoing elective knee replacement surgery under spinal anaesthesia. The patients were allocated randomly to two groups. In group A (n = 11) the blocks were performed with 0.5% bupivacaine (with adrenaline) 3 mg/kg body weight… (More)
PURPOSE We studied the effects of electrical stimulation on idiopathic detrusor instability. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between January 1993 and December 1994, 30 men and 41 women (mean age plus or minus standard deviation 48 +/- 16 years) underwent transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) of the S2-S3 dermatomes, and 13 men and 22 women (mean age 48… (More)
A randomised double-blind study compared the dose-response relationship of intrathecal diamorphine (0, 0.25, 0.75, 1.5, and 2.5 mg) for postoperative pain relief, in 35 subjects who underwent total knee replacement surgery. Assessments commenced 2 h after the opioid injection and continued for 20 h. Pain, analgesic effect, supplementary analgesic… (More)
We describe the loss of function in the sciatic nerve after an uneventful sciatic nerve block using 25 ml of lignocaine 1% with adrenaline 1 in 200,000 in a patient receiving beta blocker drugs. Lack of pain on injection and complete regeneration of the nerve after 12 months in a patient with severe peripheral vascular disease led us to postulate ischaemic… (More)
A minitracheotomy tube was inadvertently placed in the oesophagus of a 22-year-old woman with cystic fibrosis. The authors discuss how this may have occurred and ways of avoiding this complication.