Angus Nicoll

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The World Health Organization's recommended pandemic influenza interventions, based on limited data, vary by transmission pattern, pandemic phase, and illness severity and extent. In the pandemic alert period, recommendations include isolation of patients and quarantine of contacts, accompanied by antiviral therapy. During the pandemic period, the focus(More)
Since global availability of vaccine and antiviral agents against influenza caused by novel human subtypes is insufficient, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends non-pharmaceutical public health interventions to contain infection, delay spread, and reduce the impact of pandemic disease. Virus transmission characteristics will not be completely(More)
What Happened? There is general consensus that the only predictable characteristic of influenza viruses and pandemics is their unpredict-ability [1]. Given such uncertainty, reasonable application of the precautionary principle should prevail in the responses. Indeed many of the initial responses to the 2009 pandemic went well. Once isolated, the pandemic(More)
BACKGROUND School closure is a non-pharmaceutical intervention that was considered in many national pandemic plans developed prior to the start of the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 pandemic, and received considerable attention during the event. Here, we retrospectively review and compare national and local experiences with school closures in several countries(More)
The article by Keil et al. [1] considers the handling of the 2009 pandemic in Europe and specifically criticises WHO. The jury is out on WHO's role until the final report of the independent Fineberg Committee emerges (a preview of the report was published in March 2011 and the final report will be considered by the World Health Assembly in May [2]). The(More)
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