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Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is characterized by opportunistic infections and by 'opportunistic neoplasms' (for example, Kaposi's sarcoma). Persistent generalized lymphadenopathy (PGL) is epidemiologically associated with AIDS, especially in male homosexuals. A subset of T lymphocytes positive for the CD4 antigen (also termed T4 antigen), is(More)
PURPOSE To assess the safety, efficacy, and immunomodulatory effects of CC-4047 (Actimid; Celgene, San Diego, CA) in patients with relapsed or refractory myeloma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-four relapsed or refractory patients were treated with a dose-escalating regimen of oral CC-4047. Clinical responses and adverse effects were identified, and(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of the reversible epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) erlotinib with gemcitabine obtained FDA approval for treating patients with pancreatic cancer. However, duration of response is often limited and there is currently no reliable predictive marker. METHODS We determined the sensitivity of a(More)
Lenalidomide (Revlimid®; CC-5013) and pomalidomide (CC-4047) are IMiDs® proprietary drugs having immunomodulatory properties that have both shown activity in cancer clinical trials; lenalidomide is approved in the United States for a subset of MDS patients and for treatment of patients with multiple myeloma when used in combination with dexamethasone. These(More)
The link with chronic inflammation and cancer has been recognized for certain cancers for several decades. However, only recently has the biology of chronic inflammation begun to be understood, to the point that it may play a major role in tumour development. The biology of chronic inflammation has many similarities with that of wound healing. In(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) represent a subset of professional antigen presenting cell (APC) whose role is to elicit immune responses against harmful antigens. They have been used in DC vaccines to stimulate the immune system to kill cancer cells. However, successes in clinical trials have been limited, which may be attributed to a lack of appreciation of the(More)
The isolation of clones encoding the human surface protein T4, and the expression of the T4 gene in new cellular environments, have enabled us to examine the role of this protein in the pathogenesis of AIDS. Our studies support a mechanism of AIDS virus infection that initially involves the specific interaction of the AIDS virus with T4 molecules on the(More)