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BACKGROUND Almost a third of patients with epilepsy have a treatment-resistant form, which is associated with severe morbidity and increased mortality. Cannabis-based treatments for epilepsy have generated much interest, but scientific data are scarce. We aimed to establish whether addition of cannabidiol to existing anti-epileptic regimens would be safe,(More)
This chart review investigated the efficacy and safety of zonisamide in 45 patients aged < or = 18 years with absence seizures. Of these patients, 23 (51.1%) achieved freedom from absence seizures. Two patients discontinued zonisamide, 1 for increased seizures and 1 for sleepiness and inefficacy. These data support the efficacy of zonisamide in treating(More)
OBJECTIVE For about 30% of epilepsy patients, pharmaceutical therapy fails to control their seizures. MR-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT) allows for real-time thermal monitoring of the ablation process and feedback control over the laser energy delivery. We report on minimally invasive surgical techniques of MRgLITT and short-term(More)
The nature and extent of the neuropsychological difficulties associated with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) remain unclear. Because aberrant thalamocortical rhythms have been implicated in the pathogenesis of CAE, it was hypothesized that children with CAE would show greater difficulties in neuropsychological domains that are thought to be subserved by(More)
The authors evaluated zonisamide for symptomatic infantile spasms in 23 patients. Spasm cessation, EEG evolution, and tolerability were assessed for a mean duration of 6.5 months. Six patients (26%) had complete control with cessation of spasms and clearing of hypsarrhythmia. Mean latency time from onset of zonisamide treatment to complete spasm control was(More)
Several of the newer antiepilepsy drugs have not been tested as monotherapy in controlled trials. Zonisamide is a broad-spectrum antiepilepsy drug indicated for the adjunctive treatment of partial seizures in adults. However, several small, open-label studies have indicated that it may be safe and effective as monotherapy. The present chart review study was(More)
A retrospective analysis of 43 patients with drop attack seizures who were treated with vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) was undertaken to determine the efficacy of VNS and to determine pre-implantation characteristics associated with VNS success. It was found that on last follow-up, 46% of patients had at least a 75% reduction in drops per day. Forty-six(More)
This case series presents the outcomes of seven females with Rett syndrome and medically refractory epilepsy who were treated with adjunctive vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy for a minimum of 12 months. Patients ranged in age from 1 to 14 years (median age 9 y) at the time of implantation, had experienced seizures for a median period of approximately 6(More)
Dual pathology has previously been reported in less than 10% of cases of Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE). Given the rarity of RE, it appears unlikely that dual pathology in RE is merely a coincidence. We therefore reviewed all cases of RE experienced in our institution to assess for an additional/associated pathology. A total of seven patients with RE were(More)
The authors report a case of intracranial aspergillosis secondary to immunosuppression. Signal intensity changes in the lesion on brain MR are compared with gross and histopathologic findings at autopsy. A peripheral ring of low signal intensity relates to a dense population of Aspergillus hyphal elements and small areas of hemorrhage. CT findings are(More)