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A phagemid system was developed for the monovalent display of combinatorial antibody Fab libraries on the surface of filamentous phage M13. Fab fragments were fused to the carboxyl-terminal domain of the gene III protein. Phage displaying Fab fragments on their surface, or Phabs, were enriched by 10(3)- to 10(5)-fold on antigen-coated surfaces over(More)
Gastrointestinal (GI) tract damage by chemotherapy or radiation limits their efficacy in cancer treatment. Radiation has been postulated to target epithelial stem cells within the crypts of Lieberkühn to initiate the lethal GI syndrome. Here, we show in mouse models that microvascular endothelial apoptosis is the primary lesion leading to stem cell(More)
We describe a method based on a phagemid vector with helper phage rescue for the construction and rapid analysis of combinatorial antibody Fab libraries. This approach should allow the generation and selection of many monoclonal antibodies. Antibody genes are expressed in concert with phage morphogenesis, thereby allowing incorporation of functional Fab(More)
The symbiotic relationship between Asaia, an α-proteobacterium belonging to the family Acetobacteriaceae, and mosquitoes has been studied mainly in the Asian malaria vector Anopheles stephensi. Thus, we have investigated the nature of the association between Asaia and the major Afro-tropical malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. We have isolated Asaia from(More)
Susceptibility to murine and human insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus correlates strongly with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II I-A or HLA-DQ alleles that lack an aspartic acid at position beta57. I-Ag7 lacks this aspartate and is the only class II allele expressed by the nonobese diabetic mouse. The crystal structure of I-Ag7 was determined(More)
A novel bacteriophage lambda vector system was used to express in Escherichia coli a combinatorial library of Fab fragments of the mouse antibody repertoire. The system allows rapid and easy identification of monoclonal Fab fragments in a form suitable for genetic manipulation. It was possible to generate, in 2 weeks, large numbers of monoclonal Fab(More)
The protective antigen (PA) component of the anthrax toxins is an essential virulence factor of Bacillus anthracis and is the major protective immunogen. The kinetics of PA production during growth of B. anthracis, and the roles of anti-PA antibody in host immunity are not clearly defined. Production of PA by the vegetative organisms peaks during the shift(More)
The synthesis of the major protein and lipid storage reserves during embryogenesis in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L., cv. Mikado) has been examined by biochemical, immunological and immunocytochemical techniques. The mature seeds contained about 45% (w/w) storage oil and 25% (w/w) protein. There were three major seed protein components, i.e. about 40-50%(More)
BACKGROUND: Potent anthrax toxin neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies were generated from peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA) immune donors. The anti-anthrax toxin human monoclonal antibodies were evaluated for neutralization of anthrax lethal toxin in vivo in the Fisher 344 rat bolus toxin challenge model. METHODS:(More)
Malaria is one of the world's most devastating diseases, and Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) causes significant mortalities particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. The rise and spread of multi-drug resistant strains of the parasite has coincided with an era of increased travel to malaria endemic regions. In the absence of an effective vaccine against malaria it may(More)