Angie M. Cheng

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulatory RNAs found in multicellular eukaryotes, including humans, where they are implicated in cancer. The let-7 miRNA times seam cell terminal differentiation in C. elegans. Here we show that the let-7 family negatively regulates let-60/RAS. Loss of let-60/RAS suppresses let-7, and the let-60/RAS 3'UTR contains multiple let-7(More)
Of the over 200 identified mammalian microRNAs (miRNAs), only a few have known biological activity. To gain a better understanding of the role that miRNAs play in specific cellular pathways, we utilized antisense molecules to inhibit miRNA activity. We used miRNA inhibitors targeting miR-23, 21, 15a, 16 and 19a to test efficacy of antisense molecules in(More)
MicroRNAs have been increasingly implicated in human cancer and interest has grown about the potential to use microRNAs to combat cancer. Lung cancer is the most prevalent form of cancer worldwide and lacks effective therapies. Here we have used both in vitro and in vivo approaches to show that the let-7 microRNA directly represses cancer growth in the(More)
Exosomes are tiny vesicles (30-150 nm) constantly secreted by all healthy and abnormal cells, and found in abundance in all body fluids. These vesicles, loaded with unique RNA and protein cargo, have a wide range of biological functions, including cell-to-cell communication and signalling. As such, exosomes hold tremendous potential as biomarkers and could(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a mechanism in which the introduction of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) into a diverse range of organisms and cell types causes degradation of the complementary mRNA. Applications of RNAi include gene function and pathway analysis, target identification and validation, and therapeutics. There is a need to develop reliable and(More)
Although the majority of gene function studies center themselves around protein-encoding RNAs, the study of non-protein-encoding RNAs is becoming more widespread because of the discovery of hundreds of small RNA termed micro (mi) RNA that have regulator functions within cells. Currently, over 470 human miRNA genes are predicted to exist and are annotated(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a regulatory mechanism of eukaryotic cells that uses small interfering RNAs (siRNA) to direct homology-dependent control of gene activity. Applications of RNAi include functional genomics, in vivo target validation, and gene-specific medicines. A key to in vivo application of siRNA is the advancement of efficient delivery to(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a mechanism by which the introduction of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) into cultured cells causes degradation of the complementary mRNA. Applications of RNAi include gene function analysis, pathway analysis, and target validation. While RNAi experiments have become common practice in research labs, multiple factors can influence(More)
Knockdown of cellular RNA using short interfering RNA has enabled researchers to perform loss-of-function (LOF) experiments in a wide variety of cell types and model systems. RNA interference techniques and reagents have made possible experiments that test everything from the analysis of function of single genes to screening for genes that are involved in(More)
Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of 2'-fluoro-substituted cap analogs, i.e., m(7,2'F)G[5']ppp[5']G and m(7,2'F)G[5']ppp[5']m(7)G are described. Structures were confirmed by (1)H, (31)P, (19)F NMR and MS data. The effects of the 2'-fluoro-substituted moiety from the normal and N(7) double methylated mCAP were evaluated with respect to their(More)
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