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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Prevalence of H. pylori antibiotic resistance is increasing worldwide, and it is the main factor affecting efficacy of current therapeutic regimens. Our aim was to review recent data on H. pylori resistance towards antibiotics in different countries. METHODS A systematic review of studies concerning primary H. pylori antibiotic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM This Guideline is an official statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE). It addresses the choice amongst regimens available for cleansing the colon in preparation for colonoscopy. METHODS This Guideline is based on a targeted literature search to evaluate the evidence supporting the use of bowel preparation(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic dilatation for Crohn's disease has been evaluated only in some small and heterogeneous studies. AIM To evaluate any association between the main clinical variables and endoscopic variables and the efficacy and safety of endoscopic dilatation in Crohn's disease. METHODS A Medline search regarding pneumatic dilatation in Crohn's(More)
This Guideline is an official statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE). It addresses the diagnosis and management of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (NVUGIH). Main Recommendations MR1. ESGE recommends immediate assessment of hemodynamic status in patients who present with acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage(More)
The prevalence of diverticulosis and colorectal cancer (CRC) is markedly increased in the last century. Both diseases are highly frequent in Western countries and in aged people. Western diet--low in fiber and rich in dietary fat--has been largely regarded to play a major role in the pathogenesis of both conditions. A causal relationship between(More)
BACKGROUND A standard third-line treatment is lacking, and European guidelines recommend performing culture in these patients. However, the use of this procedure as 'routine practice' is definitively not feasible. AIM To evaluate the eradication rate of a 10-day levofloxacin-based triple therapy in patients who have failed two eradication courses for(More)
Prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) exhibit low levels of physical sexual dimorphism and have endogenous basal corticosterone levels that are 5-10 times higher than those measured in rats; prairie voles also do not show a postnatal period of adrenal hyporesponsivity. On the basis of studies in rats suggesting that adrenal hyperactivity during the perinatal(More)
PURPOSE The malignant polyp carries a significant risk of lymphohematic metastasis and mortality. Clinical usefulness of histologic risk factors is still controversial. The study was designed to compute the association between the main histologic risk factors and the occurrence of unfavorable outcomes in patients with malignant polyps. METHODS A MEDLINE(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to detecting colorectal neoplasia, abdominal computed tomography (CT) with colonography technique (CTC) can also detect unsuspected extracolonic cancers and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA).The efficacy and cost-effectiveness of this combined abdominal CT screening strategy are unknown. METHODS A computerized Markov model was(More)
BACKGROUND Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is becoming accepted as an established treatment for superficial esophageal squamous cell neoplasia, the majority of data on this endoscopic modality has been provided by Japanese series. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of ESD for esophageal squamous cell neoplasia in a consecutive(More)