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We examined the role of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) in integrin-mediated eosinophil adhesion. Deltap85, a dominant-negative form of the class IA PI3K adaptor subunit, was fused to an HIV-TAT protein transduction domain (TAT-Deltap85). Recombinant TAT-Deltap85 inhibited interleukin (IL)-5-stimulated phosphorylation of protein kinase B, a downstream(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of asthma by effecting the recruitment, activation, and apoptosis of inflammatory cells. We examined the role of class IA PI3K in antigen-induced airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness by i.p. administration into mice of Deltap85 protein, a dominant negative form of the class(More)
BACKGROUND Proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2) is essential in neutrophil degranulation and chemotaxis in vitro. However, its effect on the process of lung inflammation and edema formation during LPS induced acute lung injury (ALI) remains unknown. The goal of the present study was to determine the effect of inhibiting Pyk2 on LPS-induced acute lung(More)
We examined the mechanism by which secretory group V phospholipase A(2) (gVPLA(2)) secreted from stimulated epithelial cells activates eosinophil adhesion to ICAM-1 surrogate protein and secretion of leukotriene (LT)C(4). Exogenous human group V PLA(2) (hVPLA(2)) caused an increase in surface CD11b expression and focal clustering of this integrin, which(More)
Activation of group IV cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (gIV-PLA(2)) is the essential first step in the synthesis of inflammatory eicosanoids and in integrin-mediated adhesion of leukocytes. Prior investigations have demonstrated that phosphorylation of gIV-PLA(2) results from activation of at least two isoforms of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). We(More)
We previously reported that exogenously added human group V phospholipase A2 (hVPLA2) could elicit leukotriene B4 biosynthesis in human neutrophils through the activation of group IVA phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) (Kim, Y. J., Kim, K. P., Han, S. K., Munoz, N. M., Zhu, X., Sano, H., Leff, A. R., and Cho, W. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 36479-36488). In this study,(More)
The protective effects of prostacyclin and its stable analogue iloprost are mediated by elevation of intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) leading to enhancement of the peripheral actin cytoskeleton and cell-cell adhesive structures. This study tested the hypothesis that iloprost may exhibit protective effects against lung injury and endothelial barrier(More)
We examined the effect of glucocorticoid stimulation in blocking beta 2-integrin adhesion of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) isolated from human subjects. Surface expression of CD11b and ERK-1/2-mediated gIVaPLA2 phosphorylation, which are required for beta 2-integrin adhesion, were not affected by treatment with < or =10(-6) M fluticasone propionate(More)
We examined the functional role of 14-kD secretory group V phospholipase A(2) (gVPLA(2)) on the barrier function of pulmonary endothelial cells (ECs) after LPS activation in vitro. Expression of gVPLA(2) was elicited by 20 ng/ml LPS as demonstrated by increased (1) mRNA, (2) protein content, and (3) cell surface expression of gVPLA(2) within 4 hours. The(More)
The Forkhead Box f1 (Foxf1) transcriptional factor (previously known as HFH-8 or Freac-1) is expressed in endothelial and smooth muscle cells in the embryonic and adult lung. To assess effects of Foxf1 during lung injury, we used CCl(4) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) injury models. Foxf1(+/-) mice developed severe airway obstruction and bronchial edema,(More)