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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the most common cause of death in children between 1 and 6 months of age. Recent data suggest that a prolonged QTc interval on the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is associated with SIDS. Prone body position during sleep is also known to be a risk factor for SIDS; this has prompted the American Academy of Pediatrics to… (More)
We tested the adequacy of a videoconferencing system using a single integrated systems digital network (ISDN) line (128 kilobits per second) for the remote diagnosis of children with suspected congenital heart disease (CHD). Real-time echocardiogram interpretation was compared to subsequent videotape review in 401 studies with concordance in 383 (95.5%)… (More)
OBJECTIVE In adults, race-based disparity in access to cardiovascular care has been documented. Racial differences in cardiac care for children have not been evaluated previously. METHODOLOGY We analyzed timing of single-ventricle palliation as a function of race and geography at Duke University Medical Center (DUMC) from 1997-2000. RESULTS African… (More)
Aortic valve atresia with interruption of the aortic arch is an extremely rare anomaly; only eleven cases of this anomaly have been reported to date. In the absence of additional sources of blood flow to the ascending aorta, aortic valve atresia with interruption of the aortic arch is fatal. We present, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of a live… (More)
A neonate with Coxsackie B1 infection who experienced significant congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy and arrhythmia is reported. Viral myocarditis, an important cause of acquired heart disease in neonates, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of neonatal congestive heart failure and cardiomyopathy. A review of the literature is presented.
We report an infant with hypoplastic left heart syndrome consisting of mitral valvar atresia, aortic valvar atresia, hypoplasia of the aortic arch and coarctation of the aorta, who demonstrated respiratory failure and global hypotonia, and who was eventually diagnosed with spinal muscular atrophy.
To the Editor: We read with interest the article by Fixler et al on mortality risk in infants with severe congenital heart disease. 1 In an era when experienced centers report surgical mortality rates of Ͻ10% for the Norwood procedure, a 5-year survival of 38% in their population-based study for hypoplastic left heart syndrome remains poor. The highest… (More)
An infant with subvalvar and valvar pulmonary stenosis, subvalvar, and valvar aortic stenosis and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, who presented with pulmonary hemorrhage, is reported. He had right ventricular hypertrophy, thickened pulmonary valve leaflets, severe asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy with outflow tract obstruction, and a thickened and… (More)