Angelo Polito

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BACKGROUND The acute renal failure (ARF) incidence in pediatric cardiac surgery intensive care unit (ICU) ranges from 5 to 20% of patients. In particular, clinical features of neonatal ARF are mostly represented by fluid retention, anasarca and only slight creatinine increase; this is the reason why medical strategies to prevent and manage ARF have limited(More)
BACKGROUND Red blood cell transfusion is associated with morbidity and mortality among adults undergoing cardiac surgery. We aimed to evaluate the association of transfusion with morbidity among pediatric cardiac surgical patients. METHODS Patients discharged after cardiac surgery in 2003 were retrospectively reviewed. The red blood cell volume(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis-associated brain dysfunction has been linked to white matter lesions (leukoencephalopathy) and ischemic stroke. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of brain lesions in septic shock patients requiring magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for an acute neurologic change. METHOD Seventy-one septic shock patients were included in a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study reviews a single-center experience with the Ross procedure in infants and young children. METHODS From November 1993 to March 2012, 55 children aged less than 17 years underwent a Ross procedure. The patients ranged in age from 2 days to 17 years (median, 5.9 years). Thirteen patients were infants, and 18 patients were preschool(More)
INTRODUCTION The incidence of anaphylactic reactions during anesthesia is between 1:5000 and 1:25000 and it is one of the few causes of mortality directly related to general anesthesia. The most important requirements in the treatment of this clinical condition are early diagnosis and maintenance of vital organ perfusion. Epinephrine administration is(More)
We describe the impact of cardiovascular pharmacologic support on peritoneal dialysis adequacy in 20 neonates who required postoperative renal replacement therapy following cardiopulmonary bypass exposure. Peritoneal dialysis was administered for 2.5 (2) days. Peritoneal dialysis creatinine clearance was 3.4 (2.1) ml/min/1.73 m(2) and ultrafiltration rate(More)
Neurologic complications in neonates supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are common and diminish their quality of life and survival. An understanding of factors associated with neurologic complications in neonatal ECMO is lacking. The goals of this study were to describe the epidemiology and factors associated with neurologic(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify factors associated with the surgical outcome in patients undergoing right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction (RVOTR) using decellularized tissue-engineered pulmonary valve conduits (TEPVc) and to study their safety and longevity. METHODS From April 2006 to April 2010, 93 patients underwent either palliative or corrective RVOTR(More)
OBJECT Intracerebral microdialysis has attracted increasing interest as a monitoring technique during neurological/neurosurgical intensive care. The purpose of this study was to compare cerebral energy metabolism, an indicator of secondary excitotoxic injury and cell membrane degradation close to focal traumatic lesions ("penumbra zones") and in remote and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have revealed increased morbidity and mortality rates in term neonates without birth defects who were delivered before 39 weeks of completed gestation. We sought to determine if a similar association exists between gestational age at delivery and adverse outcomes in neonates with critical congenital heart disease, with particular(More)