Learn More
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) can be defined as the measurement of drug in biological samples to individualise treatment by adapting drug dose to improve efficacy and/or reduce toxicity. The cytotoxic drugs are characterised by steep dose-response relationships and narrow therapeutic windows. Inter-individual pharmacokinetic (PK) variability is often(More)
OBJECTIVES Vandetanib was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Association for the treatment of advanced medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Because body weight (BW) loss is observed in MTC and because low skeletal muscle mass (SM) is associated with drug toxicity, this study assessed effects of vandetanib on SM and adipose tissue (AT) and explored the(More)
A rapid, sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the quantification of acrolein (1), one of the toxic metabolites of oxazaphosphorine alkylating agents (cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide) was developed. Condensation of acrolein with Luminarin 3 afforded a fluorescent derivative that could be specifically detected and(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD The oxazaphosphorines (cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide and trofosfamide) are widely used in clinical practice for their antitumor and immunomodulatory activities. However, their use is associated with toxicities. The metabolism of oxazaphosphorines involves cytochrome P450 biotransformations, leading to highly reactive metabolites such(More)
We present three pediatric patients with BRAFV600E mutant high-grade gliomas treated by vemurafenib on a nominative authorization level at our institution. One patient with anaplastic ganglioglioma experienced confirmed partial tumor response and significant clinical improvement and she is alive 20 months after start of treatment. A second patient with(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to study the pharmacokinetics of irinotecan injected intravenously, intra-arterially, or loaded onto a delivery platform. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifty-four New Zealand White rabbits with VX2 liver tumor, divided in 3 groups of 17 rabbits, each received irinotecan either by intravenous (IV) route, intra-arterial hepatic(More)
Busulfan is an example of a drug eliminated through glutathione S-transferase (GST)-catalyzed conjugation with reduced glutathione (GSH). We studied the pharmacokinetics and toxicity of busulfan in C57BL6 mice in correlation with liver GST activity and GSH synthesis by accurate determination of precursors, namely, gamma-glutamyl-cysteine and cysteine. A(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous (IV) busulfan (Bu) dosing approved in Europe based on 5 body weight (BW) strata has been validated for targeting Bu exposures in children undergoing hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation and with mostly malignant diseases. The authors conducted an observational study aiming to investigate the behavior and ontogeny of IV Bu(More)
Most of oral targeted therapies are tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Oral administration generates a complex step in the pharmacokinetics (PK) of these drugs. Inter-individual PK variability is often large and variability observed in response is influenced not only by the genetic heterogeneity of drug targets, but also by the pharmacogenetic background of(More)