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The structures of two rat brain-specific 1B236 mRNAs, alternative splice products from a single gene regulated differently during postnatal brain development, were deduced from full-length cDNA clones. The 626- and 582-amino acid-long encoded proteins are indistinguishable from two forms of myelin-associated glycoprotein, a cell adhesion molecule involved(More)
The present study examined myelin gangliosides in the developing offspring of rats that were pair-fed control or ethanol liquid diets prior to and during gestation. Between 17 and 31 days of age, we observed an increase in the proportion of GM1 in myelin (from 15% to 38% of ganglioside sialic acid) and a decrease in the proportion of GT1b (from 26% to 4%).(More)
A panel of mouse monoclonal antibodies to rat and human myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) was developed. Normal mice were unresponsive to rat MAG, and successful immunization with rat MAG was only achieved in autoimmune NZB mice. By contrast, all strains of mice were responsive to human MAG. The monoclonal antibodies developed differ with respect to(More)
L2 monoclonal antibodies and HNK-1 have been shown to bind to related carbohydrate determinants in the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and several adhesion molecules of the nervous system including neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM), L1 and J1. It is shown here that MAG is the principal component in human white matter binding the L2 antibodies, but(More)
The relative expression of large (L) and small (S) isoforms of the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and their glycosylation were compared in developing spinal cord of quaking and control mice. Using antisera specific for L- and S-MAG, respectively, it was shown that S-MAG is the principal isoform in quaking mice at all ages between 13 and 72 days,(More)
Phosphorylation of the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) in the peripheral nervous system is demonstrated by immunoprecipitation from myelin proteins radiolabeled in vivo, in nerve slices and in a cell-free system. Phosphoamino acid analysis of immunoprecipitated MAG revealed the presence of radioactivity in phosphoserine, but not in phosphothreonine or(More)
The monoclonal antibody HNK-1 binds to a carbohydrate determinant in the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and other glycoproteins of human peripheral nerve. Some glycoproteins of lower Mr than the major P0 glycoprotein of myelin appear to bind more antibody than MAG. These glycoproteins electrophorese in the Mr range of 20,000 to 26,000 and are present(More)
A sulfated 100K-dalton glycoprotein has been shown to be released into the culture medium of melanoma cells. Monoclonal antibodies 10C5 and 11B5, which were raised to human melanoma cells, as well as HNK-1 bind to this glycoprotein. It is shown here that mouse anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) carbohydrate antibodies raised to human MAG and a human(More)
The myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and the brain 1B236 protein are 100-kDa glycoproteins containing 30% carbohydrate that exist in two developmentally regulated forms and are specific to the nervous system. Recent cDNA cloning experiments in several laboratories using primarily immunological means of identification have determined the complete primary(More)
Previous work from this laboratory has shown that in utero exposure to ethanol significantly alters the synthesis of glycoproteins in synaptic, axolemmal, and myelin membranes from developing rats. In an attempt to determine whether in utero exposure to ethanol similarly alters the synthesis of other glycoconjugates involved with cell-cell interactions, the(More)