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The immunological therapy of cancer has been proposed in a number of neoplasms (Borden, Sondel, 1989; Foon, 1989; Rosenberg, 1992) and has recently been adopted in the treatment of Central Nervous System (CNS) tumors in combination with conventional surgical and radiotherapeutical approach. In this context, loco-regional administration of immunomodulating(More)
Serum interleukin 10 (IL10) levels were assessed in patients with multiple sclerosis who were either in a stable or active clinical condition. The levels were compared with values in healthy controls. Lower IL10 levels than in controls were seen in multiple sclerosis patients, regardless of clinical disease activity. Low IL10 levels were also seen in(More)
30 patients with acute exacerbations of multiple sclerosis were treated by ACTH, dexamethasone or methylprednisolone in a double-blind randomized study. Clinical parameters were assessed; cerebrospinal fluid and neurophysiological parameters (visual- and brainstem-evoked potentials) were evaluated at the beginning and at the end of treatment. Dexamethasone(More)
CSF and serum levels of soluble Fas were studied in MS patients, in patients with various neurological diseases and in healthy controls. We did not detect differences in serum sFas levels between MS patients and controls. In CSF, despite sFas levels being similar in all patients studied, a statistically significant correlation between sFas CSF/sFas serum(More)
IL-10 is a cytokine with suppressive effects on (auto) antigen presentation an T-cell-mediated immune reactions, but is also capable of stimulating polyclonal IgG synthesis. Recent evidence suggests its involvement in multiple sclerosis (MS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We assessed PBMNC IL-10 release in MS and SLE patients before and after in(More)
Ten patients with multiple sclerosis and treated with interferon-β1b (IFN-β1b) were followed-up for 1 year with quantitation of serum VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 levels, mean fluorescence intensity of HLA-DR, VLA-4, CD11a, and CD18 on peripheral blood monocytes and lymphocytes, and adhesion of peripheral blood monocytes and CD45+ cells on endothelial cell monolayers.(More)
We studied the allelic constitution at the HLA class II DQA1, DQB1, DRB1 and DPB1 in 94 Italian multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and 98 controls. No significant increase in the frequency of DR2 alleles was detected among MS patients, as previously observed both in European and some Italian studies. A slight increase was found for the DQA1*0301 and DQB1*0602(More)
Cluster headache is a disorder of unknown origin. Some studies have focused their attention on neuroendocrine derangement, others on immunity. To probe central alterations in cluster headache (CH), immune parameters were investigated in cluster headache patients in comparison to low back pain patients and healthy controls. Increases in peripheral blood(More)
The prognostic significance of cerebrospinal fluid electrophoresis and IgG-index has been investigated in 44 patients, of whom 10 had optic neuritis and 34 suspected, possible or probable multiple sclerosis. The predictive value of CSF oligoclonal banding for future disease dissemination is very high in the suspected multiple sclerosis subgroup, where after(More)
Despite the longstanding clinical use of azathioprine as an immunosuppressive agent in multiple sclerosis, little is known about the action of this drug on a number of parameters of putative pathogenic relevance in the disease. Eleven patients with multiple sclerosis, treated with azathioprine 2.5–3 mg/kg per day, and six untreated patients were studied(More)