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A mutual impact of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and central nervous system (CNS) functions has been recognized since the mid-twentieth century. It is accepted that the so-called gut-brain axis provides a two-way homeostatic communication, through immunological, hormonal and neuronal signals. A dysfunction of this axis has been associated with the(More)
TAFI (thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor) is a plasma procarboxypeptidase that upon activation inhibits the fibrinolytic process by removing the C-terminal lysines from partially degraded fibrin. The generation of activated TAFI (TAFIa) has been suggested to represent a mechanism of thrombus resistance to thrombolytic therapy. However, the ability(More)
Several studies indicate that fibrin may play a functional role in inflammation by modulating a variety of cellular functions. We investigated the effect of fibrin on tissue factor (TF) production by blood mononuclear cells (MNC). Citrated human blood was recalcified and incubated at 37 degrees C for 1-4 h. The resulting clot was lysed by the addition of(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a high prevalence disease, whose symptoms are reported by a large number of young adults with significant effects on quality of life and social costs. Traditionally, IBS has been treated with dietary and lifestyle modification, fiber supplementation, psychological and pharmacological therapy. Since its complex and(More)
After the first description of fatty pancreas in 1933, the effects of pancreatic steatosis have been poorly investigated, compared with that of the liver. However, the interest of research is increasing. Fat accumulation, associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome (MetS), has been defined as "fatty infiltration" or "nonalcoholic fatty pancreas(More)
The aim of the present study was to test the possible effects of a novel sturgeon-derived compound  (LD-1227) on inflammatory markers related to metabolic nuclear receptors in patients with metabolic syndrome. The study population consisted of 76 patients with metabolic syndrome and 30 healthy subjects who were maintained to their current treatments and(More)
A novel glucocorticoids series of (GCs), 6α,9α-di-Fluoro 3-substituted C-16,17-isoxazolines was designed, synthesised and their structure-activity relationship was evaluated with glucocorticoid receptor (GR) binding studies together with GR nuclear translocation cell-based assays. This strategy, coupled with in silico modelling analysis, allowed for the(More)
An increase in serum levels of pancreatic enzymes is a well-known manifestation of pancreatic disease, especially of inflammatory or neoplastic nature, even if several extrapancreatic diseases can equally cause that increase. In addition to this pathological type of hyperenzymemia, different "non-pathological" forms have also been identified, including(More)
We assessed the effect of a sturgeon eggs-based nutraceutical (LD-1227) versus eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)/docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the ultrastructure of spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) aortas. Sixty SHR were randomly divided into three groups that were fed (1) rat chow, (2) rat chow plus 10 mg of EPA/DHA, or (3) rat chow plus 10 mg of LD-1227,(More)