Angelo Guglielmotti

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Chemokines such as monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 are key agonists that attract macrophages to tumors. In melanoma, it has been previously shown that variable levels of MCP-1/CCL2 appear to correlate with infiltrating macrophages and tumor fate, with low to intermediate levels of the chemokine contributing to melanoma development. To work under(More)
Melatonin is an antioxidant. Since other antioxidants inhibit the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) induced by lipopolysaccharide, we investigated its effect on TNF production in vivo and in vitro and on lethality associated with endotoxic shock. Administration of melatonin to mice (5 mg/kg, s.c., 30 min before or simultaneously with(More)
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is associated with outbreaks of infectious rheumatic disease in humans. Using a mouse model of CHIKV arthritis and myositis, we show that tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ, and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) were dramatically induced in tissues from infected mice. The same factors were detected in the serum of patients(More)
Prostate and breast cancer are major causes of death worldwide, mainly due to patient relapse upon disease recurrence through formation of metastases. Chemokines are small proteins with crucial roles in the immune system, and their regulation is finely tuned in early inflammatory responses. They are key molecules during inflammatory processes, and many(More)
The beneficial effects of statins on the reduction of cardiovascular events has been partly attributed to their anti-inflammatory properties. In the complex of the different pathogenetic events leading to atherosclerosis, recent data suggest a central role of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), because mice knock-out for MCP-1 or its receptor(More)
Sepsis is a complex clinical syndrome resulting from a harmful host inflammatory response to infection. Similarly, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced endotoxemia is marked by the activation of inflammatory responses, which can lead to shock, multiple organ damage and even death. Inflammatory mediator, chemokines are known to play an important role in the(More)
Chemokines are believed to play a key role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. We have earlier shown that pancreatic acinar cells produce the chemokine monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 in response to caerulein hyperstimulation, demonstrating that acinar-derived MCP-1 is an early mediator of inflammation in acute pancreatitis. Blocking chemokine(More)
The present study was designed to assess the effect of N,N-dimethyl-3-[(1-benzyl-1H-indazol-3-yl)ossi]-1-propana mine (benzydamine) on in vivo and in vitro production of inflammatory cytokines. Benzydamine inhibited tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production in vitro by human lipopolysaccharide-stimulated monocytes with an ED50 of approximately 25(More)
The mechanism by which the seminiferous epithelium limits the damaging effects of proteases that are released from degenerating late spermatids does not depend upon protease inhibitors in the systemic circulation since these proteins are excluded from the seminiferous tubule by the blood-testis barrier. The purpose of this study was to identify the major(More)
As an alternative to classical immunosuppressants in experimental lupus nephritis, we looked at bindarit, 2-methyl-2-[[1-phenylmethyl)-1H-indazol-3-y1]methoxy]propanoic acid, a novel molecule devoid of immunosuppressive effects, which selectively reduces chronic inflammation in rat adjuvant arthritis. Two groups of NZB/W mice (N = 55 for each group) were(More)