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The beneficial effects of statins on the reduction of cardiovascular events has been partly attributed to their anti-inflammatory properties. In the complex of the different pathogenetic events leading to atherosclerosis, recent data suggest a central role of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), because mice knock-out for MCP-1 or its receptor(More)
Melatonin is an antioxidant. Since other antioxidants inhibit the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) induced by lipopolysaccharide, we investigated its effect on TNF production in vivo and in vitro and on lethality associated with endotoxic shock. Administration of melatonin to mice (5 mg/kg, s.c., 30 min before or simultaneously with(More)
Sepsis is a complex clinical syndrome resulting from a harmful host inflammatory response to infection. Similarly, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced endotoxemia is marked by the activation of inflammatory responses, which can lead to shock, multiple organ damage and even death. Inflammatory mediator, chemokines are known to play an important role in the(More)
Monocyte chemotactic protein-3 (MCP-3), also known as CCL7, belongs to the monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP) subfamily of the CC chemokines that includes MCP-1/CCL2, MCP-2/CCL8, MCP-4/CCL13, and MCP-5/CCL12. Few studies have examined the role of MCP-3 in vascular pathologies such as atherosclerosis and restenosis in which smooth muscle cell (SMC)(More)
A monoclonal antibody, designated A2a18b8, of IgG1 class prepared against human alpha 1-antitrypsin, cross-reacts with alpha 1-antitrypsin in the serum of rat and baboon, but not with alpha 1-antitrypsin in serum of rabbit, pig, hamster, guinea pig, dog, or turtle. We used A2a18b8 in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) developed for human alpha(More)
In previous studies performed to elucidate acetaminophen mechanism of action, we demonstrated that acetaminophen inhibits prostaglandin E2 production by interleukin (IL)-1beta-stimulated T98G human astrocytic cells, without affecting cyclooxygenase-2 enzymatic activity. As this result suggests an effect at transcriptional level, we examined whether the drug(More)
Chemokines such as monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 are key agonists that attract macrophages to tumors. In melanoma, it has been previously shown that variable levels of MCP-1/CCL2 appear to correlate with infiltrating macrophages and tumor fate, with low to intermediate levels of the chemokine contributing to melanoma development. To work under(More)
Benzydamine is a non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug, devoid of activity on arachidonic acid metabolism, which is extensively used as a topical drug in inflammatory conditions, particularly for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis and Candida albicans-sustained vaginitis. In the present study the effects of benzydamine on the production of several(More)
Chemokines are believed to play a key role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. We have earlier shown that pancreatic acinar cells produce the chemokine monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 in response to caerulein hyperstimulation, demonstrating that acinar-derived MCP-1 is an early mediator of inflammation in acute pancreatitis. Blocking chemokine(More)
The absence of the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin results in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The utrophin protein is the best candidate for dystrophin replacement in DMD patients. To obtain therapeutic levels of utrophin expression in dystrophic muscle, we developed an alternative strategy based on the use of artificial zinc finger transcription factors(More)