At moderate temperatures (≤ 70°C), thermal reduction of graphene oxide is inefficient and after its synthesis the material enters in a metastable state. Here, first-principles and statistical calculations are used to investigate both the low-temperature processes leading to decomposition of graphene oxide and the role of ageing on the structure and… (More)
Bonding of gold clusters, , 16, and 20, on MgO(100) and on thin MgO films supported on Mo(100) is investigated using first-principles density-functional theory. Enhanced adhesive bonding is found for clusters deposited on metal-supported MgO films of thickness up to about 1 nm, or 4 to 5 MgO layers, originating from electrostatic interaction between the… (More)
The enhancement by water molecules of the catalytic activity of gas-phase and supported gold nanoclusters toward CO oxidation is investigated with first-principles calculations. Coadsorption of H(2)O and O(2) leads to formation of a complex well bound to the gold cluster, even on a defect-free MgO(100) support. Formation of the complex involves partial… (More)
Oxidative damage to DNA, implicated in mutagenesis, aging, and cancer, follows electron loss that generates a radical cation that migrates to a guanine, where it may react with water to form 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-OxoG). Molecular dynamics and ab initio quantum simulations on a B-DNA tetradecamer reveal activated reaction pathways that depend on the… (More)
An isolation procedure to obtain rod outer segments from cattle retinas is reported. Centrifugation of homogenates in discontinuous and continuous sucrose density gradients yields purified photoreceptor cell outer segments. Assay of the final preparation for rhodopsin content gives a ratio of 2.4 for DO280nm/DO498nm.