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A three-dimensional anatomic model was duplicated from a human skull, using different birefringent materials to simulate the various craniofacial structures. Individual bones of the midface were fabricated separately and then articulated in their correct sutural relation. One removable and four fixed maxillary appliances were used. The fixed appliances(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a biomechanical rationale for surgical-orthodontic correction of transverse maxillary deficiencies in adults by clarifying the internal stress responses to rapid palatal expansion in a photoelastic model. MATERIALS AND METHODS A three-dimensional photoelastic analog of an adult human skull was constructed by fabricating the individual(More)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM Erbium lasers, specifically Er;YAG and Er, Cr;YSGG that emit in the near red wavelengths, cut both enamel and dentine. Bonding to these cut surfaces with composites has not been assessed for all laser systems. PURPOSE This investigation assessed the shear bond strength of composite bonded to tooth structure treated with an(More)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM Controversy exists regarding the effect of anchorage systems and extension base contact on stress transfer to multiple implants by mandibular overdentures. PURPOSE This simulation study measured photoelastically the biologic behavior of 4 implants retaining a mandibular overdenture. The purpose of the investigation was to compare the(More)
This in vitro study evaluated the shear bond strength of a hybrid composite resin bonded to primary dentin prepared with an Er, Cr:YSGG hydrokinetic laser compared to conventional bur prepared primary dentin. The results suggest that primary dentin surfaces treated with the Er, Cr:YSGG laser, with or without etching, may provide comparable or increased(More)
PURPOSE This in vitro study determined the stress distribution around an implant placed in a posterior edentulous maxillary model with simulated sinus grafts that had different degrees of stiffness. MATERIALS AND METHODS The composite photoelastic model with a standard threaded implant consisted of simulated crestal cortical, cancellous, sinus cortical,(More)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM Carbamide peroxide bleaching has been implicated in adversely affecting the bond strength of composite to enamel. PURPOSE This in vitro study evaluated the effect of 3 dental bonding agents (OptiBond, All-Bond 2, One-Step) on the shear bond strength of a hybrid composite to enamel which was treated by a 10% carbamide peroxide(More)
The effect of water and saliva contamination on the bond strength of metal orthodontic brackets cemented to etched (10% polyacrylic acid) and unetched human premolar enamel was investigated. Two bonding agents were used: one commercially available product (LC) and one experimental (EX) light-cured glass ionomer. Shear bond strength was measured after aging(More)
The introduction of visible light polymerization in dentistry led to the development of a new generation of pit and fissure sealants. The purpose of this study was an overall evaluation of some in vitro characteristics of four new sealants (Delton LC, Helioseal, Pentra-Seal and Visioseal) in comparison with a chemically cured control (Delton). The results(More)