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The photobehavior of fluoroquinolone antibiotics, one of the most successful classes of drugs in therapeutic applications, has recently been the object of increasing interest due to the finding of their phototoxic and photocarcinogenic properties. The main results obtained for a series of structurally related, representative fluoroquinolone drugs is… (More)
Marbofloxacin (MAR) and Enrofloxacin (ENR), two largely employed veterinary Fluoroquinolones (FQs), were found to be present at the micrograms per kilogram level in agricultural soils of South Lombardy (Italy) several months after manuring. Distribution coefficients (K(d)) from sorption experiments indicated a strong binding to the soil. Soil samples… (More)
The photochemistry of six pregna-1,4-dien-3,20-diones has been compared and found to involve both the cyclohexadienone moiety in ring A and the isolated ketone at C-20. The two reactions take place proportionally to the fraction of light absorbed by each chromophore. The cross-conjugated ketone absorbs predominantly or exclusively at both 254 and 366 nm and… (More)
New evidence about the path followed in the photochemical reaction of 4-(2-nitrophenyl)-1,4-dihydropyridines such as the drugs nifedipine (Compound 1) and nisoldipine (Compound 2) to give the corresponding nitrosophenylpyridines has been found through determination of the steady-state photochemical parameters and a comparison of the photoreactions in… (More)
The photochemical fate of Marbofloxacin (MAR) and Enrofloxacin (ENR), two Fluoroquinolones (FQs) largely used as veterinary bactericides known to be present in surface waters, was investigated in aqueous solution. The degradation of these pollutants (5-50 microg L(-1) starting concentration) was complete in about 1 h by exposure to solar light (summer) and… (More)
The application of photocatalysis in environment remediation as well as in the generation of useful fuels from the reduction of water (hydrogen) and of carbon dioxide (methanol, carbon monoxide and/or methane) has been investigated largely in the last four decades. A significant part (12-13%) of the literature on the generation of such fuels is found in… (More)
Photocatalysis (by semiconductors, molecules and ions) is used in such diverse applications as water hydrolysis for producing hydrogen as fuel, organic synthesis and the recovery of polluted effluents. This tutorial review discusses the common principles of such applications and their role in green chemistry.