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We have performed molecular genetic analyses on 160 Brazilian patients diagnosed with cystic fibrosis (CF). Screening of mutations in 320 CF chromosomes was performed through single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and heteroduplex analyses assay followed by DNA sequencing of the 27 exons and exon/intron boundaries of the cystic fibrosis(More)
Cell-associated receptor for urokinase plasminogen activator (uPAR) is released as both full-length soluble uPAR (suPAR) and cleaved (c-suPAR) form that maintain ability to bind to integrins and other receptors, thus triggering and modulating cell signaling responses. Concerning HIV-1 infection, plasma levels of suPAR have been correlated with the severity(More)
Metastases to the tracheobronchial tree may be considered rare, and melanoma metastases to the trachea are very uncommon. We here report the case of a 61-year-old woman with metastatic melanoma to the trachea occurring 2 years after the excision of a right shoulder skin nodule. The patient underwent argon plasma coagulation (APC) recanalization of the(More)
Microglial nodules associated with opportunistic and HIV-related lesions are frequently found in the brains of AIDS patients. However, in many cases, the causative agent is only presumptively suspected. We reviewed 199 brains of AIDS patients with micronodular lesions to clarify their etiology by immunohistochemistry (to Toxoplasma gondii, cytomegalovirus,(More)
We report a case of disseminated microsporidiosis in an Italian woman with AIDS. This study was done retrospectively using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue specimens obtained at autopsy. Microsporidia spores were found in the necrotic lesions of the liver, kidney, and adrenal gland and in ovary, brain, heart, spleen, lung, and lymph nodes. The(More)
Our objective was to investigate the role of the human polyomavirus JC virus as a possible cause of renal damage in AIDS subjects. Histology, immunohistochemistry, and molecular biology were used to evaluate the frequency of viral infection, genotypes, viral status, and the presence of rearrangements or point mutations in specific genomic regions of strains(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the correlation between immunohistochemical positive patterns (globular and filamentous structures) of beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP), used as a marker of axonal damage, and the different distribution of HIV p24 antigens, in three different brain areas of AIDS patients. METHODS Eighteen AIDS patients with HIV-related(More)
The urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) and its ligand (uPA) play an important role in cell migration and extracellular proteolysis. We previously described uPAR/uPA overexpression in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and brain tissues of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related cerebral diseases. In this study, we examined uPAR/uPA(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the immunochemical distribution ofRantes chemokine and its correlation with HIV-p24 expression, in brains with HIV-related lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS 17 HIV-positive cases of HIV-related brain lesions, 7 HIV-positive cases without cerebral HIV-related lesions (5 with opportunistic brain diseases), and 7 HIV-negative cases as controls(More)
The interplay between tumor cells and the microenvironment has been recognized as one of the hallmarks of cancer biology. To assess the role of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the modulation of tissue homeostasis and tumorigenesis, we developed a protocol for the purification of tissue-derived ECM using mucosae from healthy human colon, perilesional area, and(More)